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MikroTik App

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by bpwl
Thu Apr 11, 2024 4:26 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

as typically the client devices have only one antenna You will need to check if that is true in your case. If I look at the cAP and hAP in the holiday resort right now, most client devices connect with 2S (dual stream/dual antenna) What is smartphone and what is PC is not in this Dude RouterOS regi...
by bpwl
Wed Apr 10, 2024 10:45 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Auto connect to different SSIDs [SOLVED]
Replies: 7
Views: 2910

Re: Auto connect to different SSIDs [SOLVED]

Security profile in WLAN interface is no problem, it will not be used, if SSID is empty and the Connect list is used to define both SSID and Security profile.
by bpwl
Wed Apr 10, 2024 10:14 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Auto connect to different SSIDs [SOLVED]
Replies: 7
Views: 2910

Re: Auto connect to different SSIDs [SOLVED]

there must be a security profile selected, there are 3 of them: two for known networks and one default. Nothing happens if I select default. Your connect list must contain your 2 known networks, each with their own correct security profile. See : https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopic.php?t=169032&am...
by bpwl
Wed Apr 10, 2024 12:59 am
Forum: Scripting
Topic: False Active Sessions! [SOLVED]
Replies: 10
Views: 4134

Re: False Active Sessions! [SOLVED]

Accounting packets keep coming
As User Manager claims the NAS (router/AP) rebooted, but the NAS did not reboot. The wifi sessions are still active.

..

Klembord-3.jpg
by bpwl
Wed Apr 10, 2024 12:49 am
Forum: Scripting
Topic: False Active Sessions! [SOLVED]
Replies: 10
Views: 4134

Re: False Active Sessions! [SOLVED]

With the V5 User Manager (ROS 7) and ROS6 routers there is a similar problem, with EAP wifi authentication User Manager closes the session, as it detects the router (NAS) is not responding at a certain point in time. User manager closes the session, but the NAS (AP) does not. Then accounting packets...
by bpwl
Mon Apr 08, 2024 11:42 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Is it possible to use a http proxy server for winbox to use?
Replies: 2
Views: 391

Re: Is it possible to use a http proxy server for winbox to use?

Winbox is not using HTTP or HTTPS. It is using TCP port 8291 for it's connections. HTTP proxy does not help here. Webfig does HTTP/HTTPS, and has a similar set of GUI settings. So here proxy is relevant. Proxy for WinBox is rather RoMon , a different L2 protocol MAC address based, not L3 (IP address...
by bpwl
Sun Apr 07, 2024 9:37 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

You want your device to face the antenna from the reports "Y" direction for 5 GHz. That is when the antenna surface looks the biggest for you. Like the picture is taken for the test report. https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopic.php?t=203076&#p1049189 90° rotation is the weaker direction...
by bpwl
Fri Apr 05, 2024 10:07 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ac3 5GHz antenna-gain locked, using 6
Replies: 20
Views: 1055

Re: hAP ac3 5GHz antenna-gain locked, using 6

Why? Get the smaller device if the wifi coverage is "too good" Ehem ... smaller antenna gain - stronger radio power .... is to my knowledge and verified with experiments a very valuable setup for indoor use. There are many reflections indoors, so total radio energy matters as the transmis...
by bpwl
Fri Mar 29, 2024 11:57 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Hotspot-Radius server not responding [SOLVED]
Replies: 5
Views: 430

Re: Hotspot-Radius server not responding [SOLVED]

Yes it's run on my laptop, how to run it on MT router. For MT router check the firewall setting, to allow the Radius ports 1812 and 1813 as input. it's done (see attachment). It is normally run on a laptop, not on the MT router The laptop IP , when using NtRadPing, must be in the "Routers"...
by bpwl
Thu Mar 28, 2024 9:22 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Hotspot-Radius server not responding [SOLVED]
Replies: 5
Views: 430

Re: Hotspot-Radius server not responding [SOLVED]

127.0. 0.1 is a loopback IP address that is reserved for the local host or computer or router. NtRadPing is probably run on a laptop, not on the MT router. 127.0.0.1 would mean the laptops local RADIUS server, not User Manager on the MT router For MT router check the firewall setting, to allow the R...
by bpwl
Thu Mar 21, 2024 6:27 pm
Forum: Scripting
Topic: More Than one user per mac
Replies: 8
Views: 556

Re: More Than one user per mac

Appreciated. That is working now fine. Now. When I repeat the wireless network from the Mikrotik with a Tender Router, I get the error below when I try to submit to the captive portal while the wifi from the Mikrotik is authenticating correctly on the captive portal. Error: Web browser did not send...
by bpwl
Thu Mar 21, 2024 12:46 pm
Forum: Scripting
Topic: More Than one user per mac
Replies: 8
Views: 556

Re: More Than one user per mac

It's there... without RADIUS the number of devices is in the "Hotspot User Profile". You will need different profiles, one for each different number of devices. with RADIUS (e.g. User Manager) , the number of devices is specified per named "user". Not only for Hotspot, I use this...
by bpwl
Thu Mar 21, 2024 12:27 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

The flagship ax3 has worse wi-fi than the older and cheaper ax2, right? Not really worse, different is the better expression. Higher antenna gain is better wifi, is a MT developers/engineers/marketing hoax. It's different wifi. Reception is certainly better. The transmit wifi power is in most cases...
by bpwl
Wed Mar 20, 2024 10:26 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP AX2 - broken wifi (no SSID can be found)
Replies: 13
Views: 976

Re: hAP AX2 - broken wifi (no SSID can be found)

Wifi setting can be many things, and so many things can make it fail, complete config for wifi really needed here.

Not only config ... What is the wifi interface status giving?
by bpwl
Tue Mar 19, 2024 2:28 pm
Forum: Scripting
Topic: More Than one user per mac
Replies: 8
Views: 556

Re: More Than one user per mac

Login based on RADIUS (User manager) would allow more logins per user, on different MAC addresses. Also multiple users using the same MAC (device) in sequence is possible. The max number of logins is defined per user.("shared users" parameter in User Manager) EDIT: There is also "shar...
by bpwl
Tue Mar 12, 2024 8:13 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 limits 5GHz TX Power to 8
Replies: 39
Views: 7222

Re: hAP ax3 limits 5GHz TX Power to 8

've had problems on one site with 5500,5180 specified - it keeps instantly selecting 5180 I've been told because ... I have no control over DFS workings ... It indeed selects in a strange pattern., list is not used as a priority list, nor does it ever take the next in the list. My wAP ac's generate...
by bpwl
Tue Mar 12, 2024 7:11 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 limits 5GHz TX Power to 8
Replies: 39
Views: 7222

Re: hAP ax3 limits 5GHz TX Power to 8

With spaces, "" are needed Or just enter county value on the next line .. without "" /interface/wifi/radio/reg-info country= country: New Zealand number: 0 ranges: 2402-2482/20 5170-5250/23/indoor 5250-5330/23/indoor/dfs 5490-5730/30/dfs 5735-5835/36
by bpwl
Tue Mar 12, 2024 6:56 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 limits 5GHz TX Power to 8
Replies: 39
Views: 7222

Re: hAP ax3 limits 5GHz TX Power to 8

Check the values in RouterOS in use. It varies over (even minor) versions. It might vary over devices/platforms. Just check it! For wifi drivers use "/interface/wifi/radio/reg-info country="XXXXXXXXX" number=0 " If spelling of country name is unkbnown ... type "a" then ...
by bpwl
Tue Mar 12, 2024 6:36 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 limits 5GHz TX Power to 8
Replies: 39
Views: 7222

Re: hAP ax3 limits 5GHz TX Power to 8

You're probably getting your frequency changed due to radar detect, and it's selecting a TPC DFS channel which is designed for short range devices. Don't pick DFS channels or use "auto" frequency to avoid this. I would never use "auto" in 5GHz with hAP ax2 and hAP ax3 since ROS ...
by bpwl
Sun Mar 10, 2024 9:56 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Wireless Wire Cube - Back to Back?
Replies: 8
Views: 680

Re: Wireless Wire Cube - Back to Back?

I have them almost in one line, but on different freq for the 60Ghz radio's. Set of 3 pairs. The 5Ghz are on the same freq and share air-time. But 5GHz is for fallback only. Klembord-2.jpg Throughput UDP in one direction: 560Mbp Klembord-3.jpg . TCP in both directions falls back : to 120Mbps . Klemb...
by bpwl
Tue Mar 05, 2024 1:37 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 Station Mode - disconnected reason code 3
Replies: 7
Views: 3052

Re: hAP ax3 Station Mode - disconnected reason code 3

when AP works in 5470-5725 MHz 5470MHz is an odd place in the allowed spectrum Check your Country setting. If no country is set the default country used has become Latvia (not US anymore!) since recent ROS 7.13.x versions. [admin@hAPax2] /interface/wifi/radio> reg-info country: Latvia number: 0 ran...
by bpwl
Wed Feb 28, 2024 4:44 pm
Forum: General
Topic: 7.13.5 capsman multiple radius depending on ssid not working
Replies: 3
Views: 349

Re: 7.13.5 capsman multiple radius depending on ssid not working

called-id=g-adm-skuul.de
called-id=g-skuul.de

Called-id is normally the SSID. Those here look like invalid SSID names for many vendor implementations. "." and "-" might be not-allowed in the SSID name.
by bpwl
Mon Feb 26, 2024 10:56 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: [Feature Request] Option to disable 802.11b in wifi drivers
Replies: 13
Views: 2086

Re: [Feature Request] Option to disable 802.11b in wifi drivers

It's worse ... not only 802.11b supporting AP, but a station (client) with b will trigger the protection overhead: "the presence of an IEEE 802.11b station produces a harmful chain reaction in dense environments since neighboring BSSs also activate their protection mechanisms" And it is qu...
by bpwl
Mon Feb 26, 2024 11:30 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: [Feature Request] Option to disable 802.11b in wifi drivers
Replies: 13
Views: 2086

Re: [Feature Request] Option to disable 802.11b in wifi drivers

at least the feature to retire b/g if desired. "g" is not that important ... the 6Mbps as basic rate is also used in "n" and "ac". "b" goes to 1Mbps, and whenever an AP with g/n sees some device transmitting "b", it also falls back to 1Mbps. (Even i...
by bpwl
Sun Feb 25, 2024 11:39 pm
Forum: Useful user articles
Topic: Isolated Guest WiFi Sans VLANs
Replies: 12
Views: 1050

Re: Isolated Guest WiFi Sans VLANs

Well the separate bridge setup is well known, to split traffic at L2. Just wonder why bother with that 2nd bridge, "the Guest bridge". All could be done without that bridge, just directly on the wifi2g interface. Maybe trying to do this while the bridge is already there, and wifi2g as a po...
by bpwl
Thu Feb 22, 2024 9:48 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: LHG 5 awful tx signal
Replies: 14
Views: 832

Re: LHG 5 awful tx signal

I understand the frustration. One very strong AP is not what is enough for longer distances. The antenna gain must be at both sides. https://mikrotik.com/products/ptp Eg a "SXTsa5 ac" would already do wonders. (16dBi). Or a MT AP with external antenna (eg like with mANT15 S) would as well....
by bpwl
Thu Feb 22, 2024 3:00 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: LHG 5 awful tx signal
Replies: 14
Views: 832

Re: LHG 5 awful tx signal

With ROS 7.12, for "united states3" we have .... 30dBm EIRP power (=radio+antenna gain in the peak direction) /interface/wireless/info> country-info country: united states3 ranges: 2402-2472/b,g,gn20,gn40(30dBm) 5170-5250/a,an20,an40,ac20,ac40,ac80,ac160,ac80+80(30dBm)/indoor 5735-5835/a,a...
by bpwl
Wed Feb 21, 2024 9:53 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: hAP ax3 - how to use the API to control ithe router remotely - Can serial port on board be used? [SOLVED]
Replies: 12
Views: 1076

Re: hAP ax3 - how to use the API to control ithe router remotely - Can serial port on board be used? [SOLVED]

Woobm is mainly a USB/serial adaptor with some wifi portal to allow terminal (telnet,ssh) access over the wifi connection, also known as reverse telnet.

viewtopic.php?t=204352&hilit=woobm#p1055762

viewtopic.php?t=203113&hilit=woobm
by bpwl
Wed Feb 21, 2024 4:00 pm
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.13.5 [stable] is released!
Replies: 909
Views: 266251

Re: v7.13.5 [stable] is released!

So you are saying that we should just forcefully set an Admin MAC to workaround the issue? Still the question remains why this suddenly is a problem as it may be a bug? In any case I reported to support@ and waiting for feedback. AFAIK a Bridge has no own MAC address, and it takes the interface MAC...
by bpwl
Wed Feb 21, 2024 2:43 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: RADIUS client is named "server" in GUI? [SOLVED]
Replies: 3
Views: 499

Re: RADIUS client is named "server" in GUI? [SOLVED]

Yes : "add a new RADIUS server for this local RADIUS client", this is not "create a new RADIUS client" or "create new RADIUS client interface". There is only one RADIUS client in ROS. The RADIUS client defined in HELP: "The MikroTik RouterOS has a RADIUS client tha...
by bpwl
Wed Feb 21, 2024 10:29 am
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: RADIUS client is named "server" in GUI? [SOLVED]
Replies: 3
Views: 499

Re: RADIUS client is named "server" in GUI? [SOLVED]

Fully written out it could be "New RADIUS server connection". You are not adding a new RADIUS server to this device, but an extra connection to a RADIUS server .... "New connection to New RADIUS server". The connection is new, the RADIUS server may have been unknown to this route...
by bpwl
Mon Feb 19, 2024 5:20 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: router not broadcasting wifi
Replies: 12
Views: 876

Re: router not broadcasting wifi

So yes, check Wifi tab (and why is wireless loaded then ?)
AX devices cannot run legacy WLAN driver, menu is called "Wireless", it is still there for that CAPsMAN-manager.
Loaded WLAN (Wireless) software is version dependend. Still part of the RouterOS package in 7.12
by bpwl
Sun Feb 18, 2024 1:15 pm
Forum: General
Topic: hap ax^2 does not provide full speed connection
Replies: 31
Views: 1740

Re: hap ax^2 does not provide full speed connection

Indeed unbelievable high with MT router as the interface rate shown is 1201Mbps On the other hand, having 938Mbps on wifi with that interface card , is no surprise, if he AP supports 160MHz wide channel. https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/products/sku/204836/intel-wifi-6e-ax210-gig/specificatio...
by bpwl
Sat Feb 17, 2024 11:32 pm
Forum: General
Topic: hap ax^2 does not provide full speed connection
Replies: 31
Views: 1740

Re: hap ax^2 does not provide full speed connection

The information is nice but truncated. Klembord-2.jpg Might be able to reconstruct, as most MT AP are 2S (2 spatial streams) only. And AX is indicated (HE in MCS tabel) https://mcsindex.com/ And you said 80MHz, so 2spatial stream, 1201 Mbps, 80MHz, in ax is HE MCS 11 Klembord-3.jpg That is the "...
by bpwl
Sat Feb 17, 2024 12:55 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: WiFi Speed is low
Replies: 7
Views: 643

Re: WiFi Speed is low

Don't know if there is some special configuration I need to use to have one send and other side receive. Normally one uses both antenna for send and receive with 802.11n onwards. This dual spatial stream mode gives double bandwidth. Instant dynamic value can be seen in the registration table: "...
by bpwl
Fri Feb 16, 2024 6:18 pm
Forum: Scripting
Topic: Some Music
Replies: 46
Views: 60385

Re: Some Music

FYI only Although for sure people would pay €5 more a piece to add additional features, such as for some the beeper, others the USB port, others the microSD reader, etc... A ESP32 could deliver this with just a piezo buzzer. (7€ ESP + 1.3€ buzzer) ESP is powered by USB. You don't need to buy one to ...
by bpwl
Fri Feb 16, 2024 12:14 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: WiFi Speed is low
Replies: 7
Views: 643

Re: WiFi Speed is low

he's out of band like everybody does in 2ghz. you can't run ptp in the normal wifi range except very rural.
Disagree
by bpwl
Fri Feb 16, 2024 11:54 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: WiFi Speed is low
Replies: 7
Views: 643

Re: WiFi Speed is low

the problem is you're using omni antennas to make a ptp bridge Indeed one of the potential problems,(using 40 MHz in 2.4GHz band is another), that cannot be seen from the config used, but is dependent on the RF spectrum in the environment. So besides the config, one should at least look at the regi...
by bpwl
Thu Feb 15, 2024 11:56 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Channel Overlap
Replies: 6
Views: 587

Re: Channel Overlap

20-eC Is indeed seen as 40MHz, just as XX or CE. XXXX as set with 5 GHz will be 80MHz and work as Ceee, eCee, eeCe or eeeC Surprised one uses 802.11b in the US region. (expected a or g) g/n default to 20MHz only, with n/ac devices, unless set otherwise ax may be different and go for 40MHz by defaul...
by bpwl
Thu Feb 15, 2024 10:37 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Accessing / pinging another subnet on the same router
Replies: 1
Views: 278

Re: Accessing / pinging another subnet on the same router

Well 2 subnets on the same lan (L2, network) brings some difficulties. Same Lan here , can come with same ethernet, same VLAN, same bridge ... everything that can communicate directly (L2 flat network) ... is supposed to be in the same subnet. So in your exemple the bridge with eth2-eth23 could be o...
by bpwl
Mon Feb 12, 2024 2:31 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Can't access hEX (pretty urgent) [SOLVED]
Replies: 30
Views: 2601

Re: Can't access hEX (pretty urgent) [SOLVED]

My case worked, because there was a Woobm on site. Somebody plugged it in, and I had console access via other MT router. https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopic.php?t=125678#p889572 USB/RS232 serial cable should work as well, if loccked out from all ethernet ports (eg bridge VLAN filter enabled) MT Woo...
by bpwl
Mon Feb 12, 2024 12:48 am
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.13.5 [stable] is released!
Replies: 909
Views: 266251

Re: v7.13.4 [stable] is released!

Installation=indoor is the best setting for maximum range of frequencies. On the hAP ax2 there is a sticker "use indoor only" on the device. This is also in the comments of the default configuration of the device. (Comments, not a setting with the wifi(wave2) driver set. ) Searched for thi...
by bpwl
Fri Feb 09, 2024 3:53 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: DHCP server enabled and clients have new IPs but no internet access
Replies: 5
Views: 609

Re: DHCP server enabled and clients have new IPs but no internet access

OK , some remarks. - see this story, about the use of station-pseudobridge: https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopic.php?t=204184#p1054619 - decide as in the above story about using either the bridged solution (with station-pseudo bridge) or the routed solution with masquerade/SRCNAT as the ADSL modem i...
by bpwl
Fri Feb 09, 2024 2:10 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: spare part exact name\code? wifi Antenna for HAP AC3 ?
Replies: 4
Views: 588

Re: spare part exact name\code? wifi Antenna for HAP AC3 ?

This is the "outdoor" version. (No hinge!) If not available, Check web-shops for "dual band rubber duck antenna" ... check the connector type, impedances are mostly 50 Ohm. Gain varies from 2dBi to 8 dBi. Have to try some one day ... many results for my search string "Omnidi...
by bpwl
Fri Feb 09, 2024 2:03 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: DHCP server enabled and clients have new IPs but no internet access
Replies: 5
Views: 609

Re: DHCP server enabled and clients have new IPs but no internet access

Indeed config is needed. Many things can be missing. I see the Mikrotik admin page. But can you get to the modem (192.168.1.1) from 192.168.73.2 ? What is used? Masquerade/srcnat on the modem/MT line? Or Modem has been told 192.168.73.0/24 is via the MT router ? Some modems don't have IP route setti...
by bpwl
Fri Feb 09, 2024 11:19 am
Forum: General
Topic: Ways to change NAS-Identifier in RADIUS requests?
Replies: 8
Views: 654

Re: Ways to change NAS-Identifier in RADIUS requests?

Would this be a work-around? Add the SSID to the called format. WLAN driver : "radius-called-format (mac | mac:ssid | ssid; Default: mac:ssid)" Wifi driver: "called-format (format-string) Format for the value of the Called-Station-Id RADIUS attribute, in AP's messages to RADIUS server...
by bpwl
Thu Feb 08, 2024 1:35 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: cAP ax 5GHz not working in CAPsMAN
Replies: 48
Views: 4950

Re: cAP ax 5GHz not working in CAPsMAN

And unless it's a frequency not supported by the connecting clients, it should work. Or it uses one of the SRD (short range) frequencies, with very low power , a range that is mostly idle because too weak to detect users, and as such is preferred by "auto channel selection" with AX , if n...
by bpwl
Thu Feb 08, 2024 12:46 am
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Hap mini as wifi client "switch"
Replies: 5
Views: 744

Re: Hap mini as wifi client "switch"

One AP to many clients on the station is the problem. Wifi stations with just one destination is easy. Many very cheap solutions do exist for that. (Sometimes as secondary function, in over-powerline links with AP function, ethernet repeaters/extenders tend to gave an ethernet port as well) There is...
by bpwl
Thu Feb 08, 2024 12:31 am
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Hap mini as wifi client "switch"
Replies: 5
Views: 744

Re: Hap mini as wifi client "switch"

Problem with your "dumb switch" , is that for this to work the switch must do some smart special things, if the data over wifi is for multiple cabled devices. Not as in a normal cabled "dumb switch" where the data-packets keep their original source/destination MAC addresses, as t...
by bpwl
Wed Feb 07, 2024 4:11 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Mikrotik V7 - PPTP not recommended
Replies: 10
Views: 815

Re: Mikrotik V7 - PPTP not recommended

I do know EoIP and VPLS as ways to get L2 over a L3 network. (E.g. when "AP-bridge + Station bridge" is not available) , but both need a larger MTU on the L3 carrier. (Wifi can go up to 2300bytes AFAIK, at least in the legacy WLAN). Smaller MTU in EoIP was detected by Netflix. "Someth...
by bpwl
Wed Feb 07, 2024 3:15 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Mikrotik V7 - PPTP not recommended
Replies: 10
Views: 815

Re: Mikrotik V7 - PPTP not recommended

Nobody should use it anymore. . Then call me "Mr Nobody". :-) Needed a VPN to pass through a complex LAN with not related traffic , for bringing Netflix to a smartTV , while the Netflix and other broadcast technologies should not detect it is VPN forwarded. They issue a warning: like &quo...
by bpwl
Mon Feb 05, 2024 8:25 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: hAP ax3 - 802.11ax 160MHz ??
Replies: 14
Views: 7687

Re: hAP ax3 - 802.11ax 160MHz ??

That makes the rule of thumb more like 2/3 vice 1/3............ Yes dear @anav. We have been there before. The MT WLAN drivers with their limited aggregation, is causing higher % airtime as inter-transmission gaps. (same waits but very small/short transmissions) This causes the 1/3 rule of thump fo...
by bpwl
Mon Feb 05, 2024 6:55 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Assigned / deassigned log
Replies: 20
Views: 15127

Re: Assigned / deassigned log

Somebody with more DHCP experience might help here. But I do see Discover-Offer-Request-Ack sequence as expected, but there is instantly a new discover. As if the Ack was not received or accepted by the client. In the second part the client has taken and uses the IP lease address. (ciaddr) https://t...
by bpwl
Sun Feb 04, 2024 8:13 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Assigned / deassigned log
Replies: 20
Views: 15127

Re: Assigned / deassigned log

How to enable dhcp debug? Where to look? In system / logging add a double topic "dhcp" and "debug" , output will be in the log. "packet" is also possible to see even more, or use "!packet" to suppress the large packet based output. so i enabled Mikrotik's DHC...
by bpwl
Sat Feb 03, 2024 11:00 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Assigned / deassigned log
Replies: 20
Views: 15127

Re: Assigned / deassigned log

Who knows .... ? - enable dhcp,debug to see more? - no internet access after getting the IP address, some clients then drop the wifi connection, then dhcp deassigns ??? - DHCP D.O.R.A sequence is stuck at O=offered. The (ping) check fails after the 2sec aurhorative delay ??? DHCP lease Status does n...
by bpwl
Sat Feb 03, 2024 10:33 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: one Bridge over diverent MT devices
Replies: 2
Views: 361

Re: one Bridge over diverent MT devices

A bit worried about that "Caps mode" statement. What is the corresponding config ? CAPsMAN can run with local forwarding, but also centralise all traffic towards the CAPsMAN controller over tunnels ( called CAPWAP tunnel in RFC's). The attempt at bridging is probably intended for local for...
by bpwl
Fri Feb 02, 2024 11:36 am
Forum: General
Topic: vrrp in firewall filter rules
Replies: 7
Views: 1086

Re: vrrp in firewall filter rules

But now (ROS 7.12) we have MACVLAN in Mikrotik. What is the possible interface stack to be used? I use VRRP on VLAN on ethernet ( actually bridge) . But I have seen posts here with VLAN on VRRP on ethernet/bridge. (To make all VLAN flap router at the same time ??? But isn't there "Group Authori...
by bpwl
Fri Feb 02, 2024 1:35 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: 5GHz channels disappeared on hAP ax2
Replies: 53
Views: 4622

Re: 5GHz channels disappeared on hAP ax2

Not sure what kind of things using radar? Many problems in my setups where wAP ac's are generating false positive radar patterns for SXTsq unintentionally pointing at them. https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopic.php?t=186707&#p994863 Even seeing phantom wAP ac frequencies in that case. https://fo...
by bpwl
Fri Feb 02, 2024 1:29 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: 5GHz channels disappeared on hAP ax2
Replies: 53
Views: 4622

Re: 5GHz channels disappeared on hAP ax2

As already mentioned elsewhere https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopic.php?t=203251&#p1052572 , my perception is that others do implement DFS differently. I don't have the devices, only see their documentation. So e.g. Cisco Meraki ... DFS events can cause an Access Point to use a channel, temporar...
by bpwl
Thu Feb 01, 2024 1:03 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3/ac3 antenna options / specification
Replies: 6
Views: 2600

Re: hAP ax3/ac3 antenna options / specification

But still no link to a teknical spec or a how-to...
For technical specs ... see ... viewtopic.php?t=203076&#p1049189
by bpwl
Wed Jan 31, 2024 1:54 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: 5GHz channels disappeared on hAP ax2
Replies: 53
Views: 4622

Re: 5GHz channels disappeared on hAP ax2

Don't know if this will help here, but for more logs on wireless (eg. attemps to associate with WLAN driver) one needs topics "wireless,debug". Additional lines will be in the log then, which only contained "wireless,info" ( e.g. connected/disconnected) before.
by bpwl
Mon Jan 29, 2024 9:36 pm
Forum: The Dude
Topic: Dude - how to log interface status
Replies: 5
Views: 1536

Re: Dude - how to log interface status

Local logging -> action "remote" ->Dude syslog -> ROS logging as topic "dude" -> logging action "e-mail" Long difficult path for push notifications. Logging will be there. But no SNMP trap handler in DUDE. Need something else to handle the SNMP trap sent when interface ...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 29, 2024 6:38 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: 5GHz channels disappeared on hAP ax2
Replies: 53
Views: 4622

Re: 5GHz channels disappeared on hAP ax2

t has to wait for 30 minutes Wow .. But everyone says it differently, all vendors implement it differently? 30 minutes to return back to the first frequency. CAC of 1 min or 10min CAC is known. 30 minutes ? Seriously if only one DFS channel available? https://documentation.meraki.com/MR/Radio_Setti...
by bpwl
Sat Jan 27, 2024 5:57 pm
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.14beta [testing] is released!
Replies: 510
Views: 154962

Re: v7.14beta [testing] is released!

The main problem is that MikroTik are developing their own DNS resolver, instead of leaving that to the experts. I have always seen the Mikrotik DNS "server" , as a DNS forwarder, with just limited functions as DNS resolver. There is much more in a DNS server, than forwarding: like second...
by bpwl
Sat Jan 27, 2024 5:23 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: New WiFi package: Missing 'etsi 5.5-5.7 outdoor' country
Replies: 14
Views: 1560

Re: New WiFi package: Missing 'etsi 5.5-5.7 outdoor' country

Yes , with the legacy Wireless package , there was much more manual control, for the low level operation. With the Wifi package, quite some of these parameter settings are supposed to be automatic. There are new ones to try to master. So indoor/outdoor (or even all) for installation in Wireless pack...
by bpwl
Sat Jan 27, 2024 12:44 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: New WiFi package: Missing 'etsi 5.5-5.7 outdoor' country
Replies: 14
Views: 1560

Re: New WiFi package: Missing 'etsi 5.5-5.7 outdoor' country

wAP ac "installation" can be set to "any". At least with ROS 6.45.6 (the ROS version that performs rock solid). RouterBOARD wAP G-5HacT2HnD Should check the ARM based wAP ac, and newer ROS, but expect it to still be the same. (Installation option is still in WLAN driver , even wi...
by bpwl
Sat Jan 27, 2024 12:14 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: New WiFi package: Missing 'etsi 5.5-5.7 outdoor' country
Replies: 14
Views: 1560

Re: New WiFi package: Missing 'etsi 5.5-5.7 outdoor' country

Ah , now I understand the sticker on my brand new hAP ax2 ... "use indoor only". I wondered if it was about IPX waterproof rating. Was it? Maybe , but as the wifi(wave2) driver has no more parameter for "Installation"/"outdoor/indoor/any" ... that setting is built in in...
by bpwl
Sat Jan 27, 2024 1:15 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: New WiFi package: Missing 'etsi 5.5-5.7 outdoor' country
Replies: 14
Views: 1560

Re: New WiFi package: Missing 'etsi 5.5-5.7 outdoor' country

There's a glitch: if one enters e.g. /interface/wifi/radio/reg-info country= and then presses a TAB key, list of countries is shown ... but only countries with single-word names. Hidden hidden, a lot of information and commands are hidden here. Well one step more is /interface/wifi/radio/reg-info c...
by bpwl
Fri Jan 26, 2024 2:51 pm
Forum: The Dude
Topic: Dude - how to log interface status
Replies: 5
Views: 1536

Re: Dude - how to log interface status

And ... in DUDE you can create datasets, that will collect (and compress over time) the collected data. Datasets are made with SNMP OID and some functions in DUDE to round-subtract-average-convert the collected data. I have no exemple for up-down collection (that is in the DUDE syslog as LOG records...
by bpwl
Fri Jan 26, 2024 12:00 am
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.13.5 [stable] is released!
Replies: 909
Views: 266251

Re: v7.13.3 [stable] is released!

Probably this change since 7.13.1: *) wifi - use "Latvia" as default value for "country" property; And I have seen some long lists in this forum of the power limits in earlier but recent ROS versions for the wifiwave2. The limits where quite different (much higher) than the curr...
by bpwl
Thu Jan 25, 2024 11:56 pm
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.13.5 [stable] is released!
Replies: 909
Views: 266251

Re: v7.13.3 [stable] is released!

The station always follows the AP in frequency. What range to scan could be defined by country (optimised). The TX power of the station is important , is set by Country value (and antenna gain correction parameter) AFAIK the AP is the only one that has to do the CAC test for radars. Not the station....
by bpwl
Thu Jan 25, 2024 11:40 pm
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.13.5 [stable] is released!
Replies: 909
Views: 266251

Re: v7.13.3 [stable] is released!

"Why the hell would the country-related changes affect the stations (i.e., Mikrotiks as wireless clients)?" TX power allowed changes with Country and ROS version. Change between versions can be dramatic. Eg Europe for 5745+ freq from 30dB to 16dB Stations have also to conform the EIRP tra...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 24, 2024 5:52 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Device without default gateway / NAT
Replies: 2
Views: 509

Re: Device without default gateway / NAT

Well, two things. Device connected on an ethernet interface of the Mikrotik , this ethernet not a port of the bridge, with its own IP address and mask: eg 192.168.111.1/24 1. DSTNAT: It is a case of destination nat , usually used for forwarding incoming request on the public IP to a specific local I...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 24, 2024 1:43 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: ACL for one Client is not working
Replies: 2
Views: 464

Re: ACL for one Client is not working

Well at least you need two settings. The allowed access will not be stopped, if there is no deny ACL rule (interface general rule or specific for this MAC) By default the interface general rule is allow (authenticaion=yes). As you want to deny acces for one client only, when power is low, then a spe...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 24, 2024 11:59 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Link SXTsq 5 ac - OmniTIK 5 ac
Replies: 6
Views: 662

Re: Link SXTsq 5 ac - OmniTIK 5 ac

Interesting data. My 260Mbps is not with Omnitik but with SXT SA5 (indeed omnidirectional is a challenge here) and with 5 SXTsq 5ac clients. SXT SA5 and SXtsq 5ac have similar antenna gain, are are a good match. (Omnitik is weaker antenna gain) Best performance is with nv2 protocol. Test was with 1 ...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 24, 2024 11:31 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Link SXTsq 5 ac - OmniTIK 5 ac
Replies: 6
Views: 662

Re: Link SXTsq 5 ac - OmniTIK 5 ac

Indeed unrealistic speed. SXTsq ac and Omnitik 5 ac are normally used with the classic WLAN driver (not wifiwave2) In that case an optimal interface rate of 866Mbps will deliver some 360Mbps as theoretical maximum, in one direction. (Wifi is half duplex!) With 40 MHz channel width I get 260Mbps data...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 24, 2024 1:27 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Apple devices won't connect
Replies: 11
Views: 1450

Re: Apple devices won't connect

See : viewtopic.php?p=1009820#p1009820 about SA Query timeout.

The rest is about using WPA2/WPA3 combination, setting FT enabled or not, and cypher settings.
by bpwl
Tue Jan 23, 2024 10:14 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Apple devices won't connect
Replies: 11
Views: 1450

Re: Apple devices won't connect

country=United States Well one can play with the country (mostly illegal settings as outcome) , but this can have another negative side. Frequencies and allowed strength (power) used in 5GHz differ per region. USA is region FCC, Italy is region ETSI, with quite different settings. And since RouterO...
by bpwl
Tue Jan 23, 2024 9:49 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Microtik HapLite - Limiting Wireless Traffic
Replies: 3
Views: 463

Re: Microtik HapLite - Limiting Wireless Traffic

And if simple exemples are needed. These are 2 types of queues that I implemented/combined with just following the tutorials. - limit the traffic per device with simple queues - use queue tree to implement quality of service, that is to give certain traffic priority https://tksja.com/bandwidth-manag...
by bpwl
Tue Jan 23, 2024 8:38 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Separating clients on a LAN is important in a wifi network.
Replies: 2
Views: 619

Re: Separating clients on a LAN is important in a wifi network.

Yes I know. There is no such thing as a free lunch. But for wifi, it passes the CPU anyway, these interfaces are not connected to switch. More hesitation to apply it in the PowerBox Pro where all is ethernet. Switch port isolation to be configured. Easy in SwOS. More complex in RouterOS, it is eithe...
by bpwl
Tue Jan 23, 2024 5:05 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Separating clients on a LAN is important in a wifi network.
Replies: 2
Views: 619

Separating clients on a LAN is important in a wifi network.

I have been posting in another post about this. Time to give it a proper title in a separate post. https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopic.php?t=203288#p1047917 Today I received my latest c't magazine (computer technology) , and it handled the same topic, but better, better explained, exemples, and stu...
by bpwl
Tue Jan 23, 2024 3:04 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Wifi WPA-PSK with MAC auth over radius
Replies: 9
Views: 1321

Re: Wifi WPA-PSK with MAC auth over radius

Yes "called-id" is the parameter in the RADIUS setting with the SSID value. Nothing specific for CAPsMAN. I use this as well for just my stand-alone AP's. Same or different radius server for different SSID. Even a sequence of RADIUS servers for the same SSID, for the case where one server ...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 22, 2024 11:14 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Wifi WPA-PSK with MAC auth over radius
Replies: 9
Views: 1321

Re: Wifi WPA-PSK with MAC auth over radius

No idea what CAPsMAN would do here. I'm not a CAPsMAN user, not the old, not the new. (even while using 30 AP's with a common RADIUS login). CAPsMAN could centralise the local Access List entries AFAIK. Last summer I had some sort of denial of service attack (probably unintended) because some member...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 22, 2024 10:18 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: mANTBox 15s vs OmniTIK 5 ac
Replies: 9
Views: 1424

Re: mANTBox 15s vs OmniTIK 5 ac

With the parameter Allow Signal Out Of Range you can make the Station wait 2 or 5 minutes for a signal from the first Access Point and only if it does not appear during this time it will connect to the second one. Excellent , learned something new (for me), using the "Signal Out of Range"...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 22, 2024 2:23 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: bandwidth problem with many router
Replies: 4
Views: 602

Re: bandwidth problem with many router

Performance as to be expected? https://mikrotik.com/product/hex_s#fndtn-testresults I assume this is the routing case , even with some NAT rules, and filter rules. And queues. Rules can cause heavy CPU load and delays, such as marking all packets. For mangle rules, marking connections, then marking ...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 22, 2024 12:35 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: mANTBox 15s vs OmniTIK 5 ac
Replies: 9
Views: 1424

Re: mANTBox 15s vs OmniTIK 5 ac

I use "station roaming" in the stations when using 802.11, so they take eventually the better one, not the first one that powered up, after a general power failure or reset. Or just the one that was not hit by the power dip, or the one that did not reboot. Otherwise they use to be very sti...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 22, 2024 12:30 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: mANTBox 15s vs OmniTIK 5 ac
Replies: 9
Views: 1424

Re: mANTBox 15s vs OmniTIK 5 ac

More information on Omnitik 5 ac can be found here: https://fccid.io/TV7OMNITIKPG5HACD/Test-Report/Test-report-5541349 Klembord-2.jpg Well, I agree, this is for the US version of the Omnitik 5 ac. But MT Omnitik documentation gives the same values for the international version. Device does not allow...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 22, 2024 1:21 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Wifi WPA-PSK with MAC auth over radius
Replies: 9
Views: 1321

Re: Wifi WPA-PSK with MAC auth over radius

query-radius is new action (compared to WLAN driver). So no experience. But is this a 2 phase authentication? First access-list, then additional PSK or EAP authentication, or not? For WPAx-EAP with MAC based authentication with WLAN driver, The MAC address was the EAP username and password. in RADIU...
by bpwl
Sun Jan 21, 2024 1:24 am
Forum: General
Topic: Cinditional DNS Forwarder [SOLVED]
Replies: 2
Views: 634

Re: Cinditional DNS Forwarder [SOLVED]

Seems to be possible, with some specifics about how to use regular expressions as possible condition:
viewtopic.php?t=128682
by bpwl
Sat Jan 20, 2024 6:54 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Bridge disconnection and performance issue [SOLVED]
Replies: 11
Views: 1680

Re: Bridge disconnection and performance issue [SOLVED]

Thx for reading and applying. I'm not very clear, and the MT documentation by moments is very confusing @bpwl So you're saying that; 1- These devices are powerful devices. So lower the antenna gain; interface/wireless/set wlan1 antenna-gain=8 No one can lower the physical antenna gain with just a pa...
by bpwl
Sat Jan 20, 2024 11:58 am
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: [SOLVED] Is it mandatory to mount antennas on hAP ac3?
Replies: 9
Views: 1218

Re: [SOLVED] Is it mandatory to mount antennas on hAP ac3?

Well I have them mounted on my home hAP ac3. So I can test the wifi performance (see other posts). They are big, but not in performance. Actually not even omnidirectional for the 5GHz band https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopic.php?t=203076&hilit=antenna#p1049189 either. Their flat design makes th...
by bpwl
Sat Jan 20, 2024 1:09 am
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: [SOLVED] Is it mandatory to mount antennas on hAP ac3?
Replies: 9
Views: 1218

Re: [SOLVED] Is it mandatory to mount antennas on hAP ac3?

Questions from my side: why not use AX2 then ? A lot smaller and better performance then AC3. Why use a wireless router at all ? Well dear @holvoetn , I do use 2 hAP ax3 with antenna removed , in our nearby remote area in FR, as main routers. The devices are in a computer cabinet, in a separate bui...
by bpwl
Fri Jan 19, 2024 9:47 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Sharing one physical trunk port with two bridges
Replies: 10
Views: 1156

Re: Sharing one physical trunk port with two bridges

Reading someones VLAN design, is always hard for me. Even with a very nice drawing , it helps, but still I didn't grasp it. It is probably me. I give what I understand of VLAN and bridges, but in this matter, making a mistake is easy done. Can you explain the purpose of using 3 bridges, and not just...
by bpwl
Fri Jan 19, 2024 6:03 pm
Forum: Useful user articles
Topic: Using RouterOS to VLAN your network
Replies: 294
Views: 429420

Re: Using RouterOS to VLAN your network

Even better, a free trip to a resort with at least one overnight stay included, the Mrs Bpwl, can enjoy a trip too I'm sure!! No trip. It was all handled in one hour, with DUDE and a neighbor wAP ac. [From problem detection to solution] That's why any physical handling needed is a nightmare in this...
by bpwl
Fri Jan 19, 2024 5:43 pm
Forum: Useful user articles
Topic: Using RouterOS to VLAN your network
Replies: 294
Views: 429420

Re: Using RouterOS to VLAN your network

I then got even more confused because it also looks like the method of setting the VLANs for each interface/SSID has changed? The examples I could find of setting up VLANs with the new wifi configuration all use CAPsMAN, which I don't want/need to use with only a single AP. There are 2 methods to h...
by bpwl
Fri Jan 19, 2024 4:47 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Bridge disconnection and performance issue [SOLVED]
Replies: 11
Views: 1680

Re: Bridge disconnection and performance issue [SOLVED]

Yes interference, or lets say coexistence(wait) times, are part of any wifi ether environment for the same channel . Overlapping channels would cause destructive interference ( no wait, but transmission corruption) even worse than coexistence. Nv2 does not check and wait for clear channel. This give...
by bpwl
Fri Jan 19, 2024 4:14 pm
Forum: Useful user articles
Topic: Using RouterOS to VLAN your network
Replies: 294
Views: 429420

Re: Using RouterOS to VLAN your network

LOL as you may remember, it is in a holiday resort, 1000+ km from here. And the reset hAP ac2 are connected via the PoE in Port (WAN Port after that reset). Their WLAN is LAN but do not allow MAC based access .
by bpwl
Fri Jan 19, 2024 2:53 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: Hap ac2 dead with 7.13
Replies: 23
Views: 5836

Re: Hap ac2 dead with 7.13

On the too small hdd-space (flash memory) in the hAP ac2, just a tought, never tried, but is "etherboot" a potential path to boot from a larger image, or is this only usable for Netinstall, not for booting up? While reading about Protected Routerboot procedures in the HELP section ... &quo...
by bpwl
Fri Jan 19, 2024 2:26 pm
Forum: Useful user articles
Topic: Using RouterOS to VLAN your network
Replies: 294
Views: 429420

Re: Using RouterOS to VLAN your network

Effectively kicked out the moment I flipped the VLAN-switch. Yes very dangerous command. I don't get it why "safe mode" sometimes fails to restore this. Another thing in my Ros devices which are faily hard locked (students on holiday press reset and do power off/on sequences as they learn...
by bpwl
Fri Jan 19, 2024 1:12 am
Forum: General
Topic: vrrp in firewall filter rules
Replies: 7
Views: 1086

Re: vrrp in firewall filter rules

Thx @Amm0 Doing SRC-NAT on traffic from local processes seems rather (very) difficult with RouterOS. There are quite some posts in this forum with tricky setups to change "output" traffic into "forwarding" traffic, so that the SRC address could be set as desired. So far I have gi...
by bpwl
Fri Jan 19, 2024 12:58 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Bridge disconnection and performance issue [SOLVED]
Replies: 11
Views: 1680

Re: Bridge disconnection and performance issue [SOLVED]

OK Thx. Easier to read what frequencies you use. So no NV2 sync needed. Only surprised on the lower channels: 5260 etc are supposed to be indoor only, they have lower EIRP power allowed, and do not work on Omnitik if set to a country in Europe. I use 40MHz wide channels as block 5500+5520 (CH100-107...
by bpwl
Thu Jan 18, 2024 11:53 pm
Forum: General
Topic: vrrp in firewall filter rules
Replies: 7
Views: 1086

Re: vrrp in firewall filter rules

Well, what you read may not be fully correct. VRRP is very special in its IP address setup. This has consequences for the traffic (did not read it but found out the hard way). Requests that come in via the VRRP IP address are quite often answerred via it's master interface (IP address) What I think ...
by bpwl
Thu Jan 18, 2024 11:00 pm
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.13.5 [stable] is released!
Replies: 909
Views: 266251

Re: v7.13.1 [stable] is released!

Just upgraded my hAP AX3. Upgrade was ok and the router returned after a few minutes but I have noticed a major drop in WiFi performance with devices dropping from 450mbps plus to 75 ... Managing the device over a cable is tricky and I am keen to avoid breaking WiFi..is this performance drop due to...
by bpwl
Thu Jan 18, 2024 7:48 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Bridge disconnection and performance issue [SOLVED]
Replies: 11
Views: 1680

Re: Bridge disconnection and performance issue [SOLVED]

This uses nv2 from two AP's , and on the same frequency? Did I see this correctly? nv2 is not a 802.11 protocol, where AP and client wait for transmissions until the channel is clear. The nv2 AP will tell who of the clients can transmit at what time slot. 2 nv2 AP's should synchronize, not to assign...
by bpwl
Thu Jan 18, 2024 7:20 pm
Forum: Useful user articles
Topic: Using RouterOS to VLAN your network
Replies: 294
Views: 429420

Re: Using RouterOS to VLAN your network

My mileage ... safemode did not safe me. Don't know why.
And when bridge VLAN filtering did not allow access to the CPU, then MAC based access also failed. (MAC telnet, WinBox).
That one time I really needed my Woobm-USB on the hEX. Indeed always having one port off the bridge since then.
by bpwl
Thu Jan 18, 2024 6:02 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Static and dynamic IPs on the same modem?
Replies: 4
Views: 653

Re: Static and dynamic IPs on the same modem?

OK thx for the answer. No experience with Linux virtual interfaces. (They do not need a physical master ??) VRRP, MACVlan, Virtual (WLAN interface), wifi (slave) are all virtual interfaces that use the master interface connection in RouterOS, but have their own MAC address. I would not have called i...
by bpwl
Thu Jan 18, 2024 1:35 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: The Dude Custom Background [SOLVED]
Replies: 2
Views: 769

Re: The Dude Custom Background [SOLVED]

Well I put it in /dude-data/files/mibs/xxxxxx.png
"Default" is protected, so create another map.
Klembord-3.jpg
Klembord-2.jpg
by bpwl
Thu Jan 18, 2024 11:37 am
Forum: General
Topic: Static and dynamic IPs on the same modem?
Replies: 4
Views: 653

Re: Static and dynamic IPs on the same modem?

There are some tricks to allow ROS device to use multiple MAC addresses when sending traffic out of same ethernet interface. There is no need for the VRRP trick anymore in the latest ROS versions. Now that we have the new MacVlan : https://help.mikrotik.com/docs/display/ROS/MACVLAN The intention of...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 17, 2024 8:22 pm
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.13.5 [stable] is released!
Replies: 909
Views: 266251

Re: v7.13.2 [stable] is released!

There are cases where it is just practical, but just having a % slider would have been better. Maintaining the special dynamics of wifi "to make it work" Who on this forum is capable of finding the setting for let's say LHG 5, without consulting the EIRP levels of the country and the HW do...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 17, 2024 6:27 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

it is it "better" an increased Tx level and a low gain antenna or a reduced Tx level and higher gain antenna Difficult one, not an answer but just thoughts.... For the indoor case: Sending: EIRP limits the sum of TXpower and gain to the same sum value. The antenna gain does not gain any T...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 17, 2024 4:58 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: MikroTik hAP ax3 poor WiFi performance
Replies: 258
Views: 48683

Re: MikroTik hAP ax3 poor WiFi performance

Hoping you get your MT wifi6 soon bpwl, cannot wait for the 'blessed' configuration that works!! Finally got my hAPax2 to test wifi6 at home location. And while reading all these hAP ax3 poor performance posts. Here some ideas of what could be wrong https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopic.php?t=203076...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 17, 2024 2:18 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

Interesting, but I see only one RF antenna pattern ... probably the 2.4Ghz .. MT HGO looks as good then.
by bpwl
Wed Jan 17, 2024 2:06 pm
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.13.5 [stable] is released!
Replies: 909
Views: 266251

Re: v7.13.2 [stable] is released!

TX power in "status" looks like it is the EIRP calculation (allowed power - antenna gain value set), without using the power set for "all rates fixed". External devices measuring power (e.g. other MT AP or client APP) do show further reduction of the emitted power if "all ra...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 17, 2024 11:37 am
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.13.5 [stable] is released!
Replies: 909
Views: 266251

Re: v7.13.2 [stable] is released!

Double identical topics in this forum ?????

viewtopic.php?p=1049311#p1049309
by bpwl
Wed Jan 17, 2024 11:30 am
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.13.5 [stable] is released!
Replies: 909
Views: 266251

Re: v7.13.2 [stable] is released!

I upgraded hAP ax³ to 7.13.2. Since I upgraded to this version I can't change the tx power. 2.4ghz always runs at tx16. Even if I change the country, it always works at tx 16 on the status screen and I cannot change it manually. 16dBm in 2.4 GHz is correct for European countries. (20dBm EIRP -4dBm ...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 17, 2024 11:27 am
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.13.5 [stable] is released!
Replies: 909
Views: 266251

Re: v7.13.2 [stable] is released!

*) wifi - use "Latvia" as default value for "country" property;

Well there is a potential problem for ax2/ax3 devices. (Power drop of 16dB in freq above 5700MHz, and those are choosen by default!)

viewtopic.php?t=203076#p1049300
by bpwl
Wed Jan 17, 2024 10:54 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

hAP ax3 wireless problem ... difficult to solve ... maybe it is because there is a combination of reasons why it fails. So far recently if have seen 3 "possible" causes here, when using the ax device out of the box, or after upgrade.. Depending which one hits you, the solution is different...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 17, 2024 1:46 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

'double'
by bpwl
Wed Jan 17, 2024 1:44 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

I'm seriously starting to question whether the AX3 issue is antennas - and more likely a serious radio issue. Is there something we should do to elevate this to Mikrotik's attention? You checked the status of your wifi interface, for not using the low power SRD channels? This SRD channel selection ...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 17, 2024 1:39 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

In the wiki there's a mention of "If the CAP is hAP ax2 or hAP ax3, it is strongly recommended to enable RSTP in the bridge configuration, on the CAP", but nothing about reason for this. I don't have neither Capsman nor CAP mode enabled. See https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopic.php?t=1984...
by bpwl
Tue Jan 16, 2024 11:49 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Remote acces to webinterface
Replies: 10
Views: 1250

Re: Remote acces to webinterface

What are the ISP providers filtering? Many public wifi only allow 80, 443,53, and some secure mail ports/protocols as outgoing ports.(eg blocking port 25 and all high ports >1024). What is your local ISP filtering , as incoming ports? Try to access with e.g. Telnet, with software like "Putty&qu...
by bpwl
Tue Jan 16, 2024 11:27 pm
Forum: General
Topic: hAP ax3 - blue led turned red
Replies: 6
Views: 1055

Re: hAP ax3 - blue led turned red

n one of my hAP ax3 (I have 2 configured almost identically) the blue led on the front panel (WPS button?) is blinking red. It's pretty disturbing, and I couldn't find any information about this. After a restart it's blue for a few seconds, and then it starts to blink red. 1. What is the reason? Is...
by bpwl
Tue Jan 16, 2024 10:40 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

hAP ax3 antenna test report. https://fccid.io/TV7C53-5AXD2AXD/Test-Report/Antenna-Report-6203601.pdf It is fairly omnidirectional around the Z-axis (antenna stick) X-Y plane is a circle for 2.4GHz, with 2dB variation. The 5GHz has more variation , like 4.7dB What is X and what is Y? Flat face is Z-X...
by bpwl
Tue Jan 16, 2024 2:28 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

I will measure ac2 later today and ac3 tomorrow. I hope you find some things. Only confusing observations so far. 1. ac3/ax3 HGO antenna is FLAT ! It can rotate on it's longitudinal axis. Is that a PCB based antenna? Is it using cavities or something to make it 2D omnidirectional? 2. The connector ...
by bpwl
Tue Jan 16, 2024 1:56 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

Can we think of an objective test for those antenna? Have been playing around the whole evening, comparing my hAP ac2, hAPac3 and new hAp ax2. (hAP ax3 I manage is very remote, with antennae removed, used for all but AP) Scanning my neighborhood 2.4GHz with those AP's and with inSSIDer software on a...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 15, 2024 10:05 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

Omnidirectional is 2D omnidirectional, in a plane perpendicular on the antenna. It can never be 3D omnidirectional in the sense of equal antenna gain. That kind of antenna does not physically exist. It is called an isotropic antenna. Antenna gain here is by definition 0dB (zero) https://www.scienced...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 15, 2024 4:50 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

Not out of the woods yet, with the ax wifi 2.4GHz. It enables b-protocol with "ax" set. Is this including the 1Mbps basic rate? What a waste of airtime! Hope other AP's won't pick up that regression to b-protocol. Seems not the case so far with regular n-setting on 802.11n/ac devices with ...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 15, 2024 3:53 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

it cannot be from antenna positions or different channels. It IS from different channels. The ac 5GHz signal is 40 times (16dB) stronger than the ax signal when just using the default settings on both. And 2.4GHz. I don't believe you get 574Mbit/s in ac (VHT) in 2.4GHz, where the largest band possi...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 15, 2024 3:42 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

If you ever compare hAPac2/ac3 with hAPax2/ax3, then in Europe do limit the channels between "5180-5700", or you get the SRD low power channels in the ax devices. Low power, also see "status" to check what you got. Klembord-2.jpg If you limit the channels to the range the ac AP's...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 15, 2024 11:50 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

I just tried something - and please tell me it's not this. Separate from forcing the channel selection (5785) - I turned one antenna horizontal leaving the other vertical. I'm not saying it's great - but somehow this made a *huge* difference is range and operation for this AX3. You want to be in th...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 15, 2024 2:20 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

Hmmm, tested hAP ax2 only for that info. (wifiwave2 could first not run on hAP ac2, and I removed it from hAP ac3) Frequency set might be different between ac and ax, as tables are different for Europe (ETSI region: Belgium, Netherlands, France, Germany, ....), in ac and ax device. 14dBm could be ab...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 15, 2024 1:15 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

Can't be more simpler, everything default config, so it's either So then "Nothing is under control". I have never seen hAP ac2 use those high frequencies (for Europe at 14 dBm only) and for the rest there is no control what channel is being used at any time when the default config is used...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 15, 2024 1:06 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

So, scratch everything about directionality

Except that the ears should never point to you.
by bpwl
Mon Jan 15, 2024 12:57 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

Or am I missing something? Just remember that antenna gain is always bi-directional: same ampification (gain) for transmit as for receive. The EIRP limitation is only on the transmit power. And the antenna-gain and corresponding limitation here is mostly at the AP. So here the TXpower will be 6dBm ...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 15, 2024 12:38 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

IMO, this fact kind of makes directional antennae pointless for WiFi, unless you can spatial MU-MIMIO thingamajiggary your way out of the fact that you're literally just reducing TX power in some directions compared to an omnidirectional antenna. Not based on science (antenna radiation patterns and...
by bpwl
Mon Jan 15, 2024 12:19 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

I found it! Yes yes, many thanks for this ... the combination of words reg-info and country ... would have been a while before I tried this. The outcome is what I was afraid off .... the default out-of-the-box "auto" used frequency in Europe (5865 MHz) is ONLY 14 dBm in the max power dire...
by bpwl
Sun Jan 14, 2024 7:07 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

hAP ax2, change wifi1 from 5260MHz to 5680MHz ... What the client on the other floor sees as power (change) Klembord-2.jpg WLAN drivers used to show the allowed EIRP level differences for different frequencies wifiwave2 driver ... did not find any details per frequency ... except region power limit ...
by bpwl
Sun Jan 14, 2024 6:31 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

"HGO indoor antenna kit" Always surprised me, as they resemble the "outdoor HGO antenna" https://mikrotik.com/product/hgo_antenna_out Same or not? (huh well the indoor have a 90° hinge) The 20dBm (100mW) is in ETSI region only set for the 2.4GHz and the indoor/non-DFS/lower 5GHz...
by bpwl
Sun Jan 14, 2024 3:29 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

From what I've read in other forum posts the APs should automatically reduce Tx Power by the AP's included antennea, but I do see an increase via Android WiFi Analyzer when I manually set the main SSIDs with antenna-gain=0. Perpetual confusion with Mikrotik. However the case is very simple. And is ...
by bpwl
Sat Jan 13, 2024 4:44 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: hEx not routing between hosts in same lan [SOLVED]
Replies: 18
Views: 2016

Re: hEx not routing between hosts in same lan [SOLVED]

Don't know about resources. Losing HW offfload for wifi interfaces looks less impact, as the wifi interfaces are not serviced by the switch hardware, but via CPU anyway. "Use IP firewall" is an option setting for the bridge, but that is not HW offloadable. So in the AP, using bridge split-...
by bpwl
Sat Jan 13, 2024 12:23 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

If we measured the error for 3dBm correctly and if the device is outputting on 3dBm correctly (which would be more or less true even if the amplifier was dead, 0 dBm ≈ 3 dBm with the random error values observed), Well this might be interesting, the Ron Touw presenation. At the lower power settings...
by bpwl
Fri Jan 12, 2024 9:22 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]
Replies: 145
Views: 17462

Re: hAP ax3 wireless problem [SOLVED]

Lots of wifi transmit/receive knowledge here. Enjoyed reading, but of course I have my own knowledge and experience in this. And so would like to share some details, just to maybe help understand those wireless tests. Some of the things are just a repetition of what has been stated already, but they...
by bpwl
Thu Jan 11, 2024 7:52 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: hEx not routing between hosts in same lan [SOLVED]
Replies: 18
Views: 2016

Re: hEx not routing between hosts in same lan [SOLVED]

This is off topic, but separating clients on a LAN is important in a wifi network. Clients do talk (multicast, broadcast) a lot, without telling the owner. Windows, Apple IOS, mDNS, Bonjour, dropbox, Skype, Microsoft Bits , .... all try to find help in neigboring devices. These broadcasts/multicast ...
by bpwl
Thu Jan 11, 2024 6:34 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: hEx not routing between hosts in same lan [SOLVED]
Replies: 18
Views: 2016

Re: hEx not routing between hosts in same lan [SOLVED]

So what does horizon value do or not do.... whilst waiting for OP response :-) From MT wiki ... "Bridge horizon feature allows to configure bridge ports with horizon setting so that packet received over port with horizon value X is not forwarded or flooded to any port with the same horizon val...
by bpwl
Thu Jan 11, 2024 6:23 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Forward traffic from 1 DHCP client interface to another IP [SOLVED]
Replies: 12
Views: 1307

Re: Forward traffic from 1 DHCP client interface to another IP [SOLVED]

And how does the 10.100.10.210 know where to send the answer for 192.168.178.x ? Is 10.100.10.20 it's default gateway ? What is set in the 10.100.10.0/24 DHCP server as default gateway for these leases.
WIthout srcnat/masquerade activated the return path must be checked for correct route settings.
by bpwl
Thu Jan 11, 2024 6:08 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Forward traffic from 1 DHCP client interface to another IP [SOLVED]
Replies: 12
Views: 1307

Re: Forward traffic from 1 DHCP client interface to another IP [SOLVED]

With what I see here, for me, only 1/2 of the story is shown. The route (default gateway etc) from 10.100.10.210 for 192.168.178.xxx must point to gateway 10.100.10.20, as no src-nat or masquerade is used , 10.100.10.210 will get a request from source 192.168.178.xxx, and must know where to send the...
by bpwl
Thu Jan 11, 2024 3:49 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: hEx not routing between hosts in same lan [SOLVED]
Replies: 18
Views: 2016

Re: hEx not routing between hosts in same lan [SOLVED]

Fully agree @anav! It's out of scope here. But "the only reason" statement just triggered, my "in my managed networks often used (!) advanced config" reaction. Couldn't resist posting this. Used with 100's of non-related users, that get internet via wifi, but should not interfere...
by bpwl
Thu Jan 11, 2024 3:32 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: hEx not routing between hosts in same lan [SOLVED]
Replies: 18
Views: 2016

Re: hEx not routing between hosts in same lan [SOLVED]

The only reason they cannot find each other would be due to firewalls on each PC. Well I use one more way to make this happen ( eg splitting 5GHz wifi devices from 2.4GHz wifi devices), or separating devices on one AP from another AP, in a fully bridged LAN.... Set same "horizon" value on...
by bpwl
Thu Jan 11, 2024 2:24 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: 5GHz channels disappeared on hAP ax2
Replies: 53
Views: 4622

Re: 5GHz channels disappeared on hAP ax2

Another possibility when device is set to default (wide) frequency range: hAP ax2 chooses to use one of U-NII3 channels which are not supported by not-so-recent wireless devices. Yes, got me surprised with my first ax(2) device. Quite a wide range in 5GHz, probably not supported by my PC (it has an...
by bpwl
Thu Jan 11, 2024 12:16 am
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: Default password Frustration
Replies: 28
Views: 4454

Re: Default password Frustration

Did not skip it. That's the point. Bizar thing is that so much was illogical. So bad that I did a reset with default config. They allow to keep the extra user configured. Bridge ports where OK now !???!??? : ether2-ether5 to the bridge, and bridge (still?) in LAN interface list. But again these odd ...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 10, 2024 3:55 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: Default password Frustration
Replies: 28
Views: 4454

Re: Default password Frustration

It is a frustration, that could have been avoided. Just received brand new hAP ax2, my first device in the ax series. And I needed quite some tricks to get it started. How can you sell a device like that in Europe, with so many traps for the end-user ??? Finally got in, thanks to quite some MT ROS e...
by bpwl
Tue Jan 09, 2024 11:17 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: radar detected problems
Replies: 85
Views: 74188

Re: radar detected problems

19:37:32 wireless,info wlan1: radar detected on 5640000 and disconnect every device on 5Ghz WiFi. But I'm using Frequency 5180Mhz with Channel Width 80Mhz Well the log says you are using the 5640MHz channel . What is reported in the interface "status" ? 5180MHz is for indoor use only. (Se...
by bpwl
Tue Jan 09, 2024 10:49 am
Forum: RouterOS beta
Topic: Using WifiWave2 to bridge two Audience wirelessly, thoughts? == 4-address mode
Replies: 56
Views: 23661

Re: Using WifiWave2 to bridge two Audience wirelessly, thoughts? == 4-address mode

But - I can't set frequencies (the tab is missing, probably taking over the master frequency),
... Yes as with the legacy wlan driver, was also like that.

Not able to add this interface to the bridge ? Unexpected.
by bpwl
Mon Jan 08, 2024 5:58 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: WiFi clients listed by security protocl/AP/DHCP/etc?
Replies: 5
Views: 1266

Re: WiFi clients listed by security protocl/AP/DHCP/etc?

DUDE via browser ... no problem ...
Klembord-3.jpg
It is easier with the DUDE client to add devices .. but can be done
Klembord-4.jpg

(some do run DUDE client on latest MacOS. ) ("Crossover" sofware, they told me)
by bpwl
Mon Jan 08, 2024 5:26 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: WiFi clients listed by security protocl/AP/DHCP/etc?
Replies: 5
Views: 1266

Re: WiFi clients listed by security protocl/AP/DHCP/etc?

Additionally, is there a way to easily display what AP users are connected to (CAPsMAN managed WiFi), as well as IPs/DHCP leases associated with those clients? I do use DUDE for that overview. (even added RADIUS user in the User Manager comment attribute.) Just an exemple of DUDE ... Klembord-2.jpg...
by bpwl
Sat Jan 06, 2024 7:22 pm
Forum: General
Topic: USB serial remote monitoring and flashing
Replies: 4
Views: 1129

Re: USB serial remote monitoring and flashing

Also tried reading a serial with my RB951 8). Works without problem, but I'm missing the option to upload the firmware over serial of RB951. Interesting ... Are you using special_login for this? https://wiki.mikrotik.com/wiki/Manual:Special_Login Have been playing with Arduino serial ports (usng th...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 03, 2024 11:50 pm
Forum: General
Topic: UserManager v7.6 - Profile limits - Not yet implemented...
Replies: 4
Views: 1568

Re: UserManager v7.6 - Profile limits - Not yet implemented...

And be aware of this ... BUG? supposed to be the MAX allowed , no? But no ... this is not what I thought was logical, the (Max) Rate limit set via attributes is also used as the Min Rate Limit , set as limit-at limit-at=30M/30M max-limit=30M/30M ?????????????????? https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopi...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 03, 2024 11:35 pm
Forum: General
Topic: UserManager v7.6 - Profile limits - Not yet implemented...
Replies: 4
Views: 1568

Re: UserManager v7.6 - Profile limits - Not yet implemented...

Actually the limits via attributes do work for wifi. But the status and numbers are not visible. When the limit (volume quota) is reached, the user then is denied access until the counter in the limit is reset. I have not found a command to reset. The only way so far is waiting for the scheduled res...
by bpwl
Wed Jan 03, 2024 1:55 pm
Forum: General
Topic: How to enable ROMON correctly? (I have three switches with identical ID)
Replies: 21
Views: 3272

Re: How to enable ROMON correctly? (I have three switches with identical ID)

it keeps changing
Bridge addresses change when ports go up/down (up/down like wifi interface does when clients are connected or not). Set "Admin. MAC address" on a bridge, to keep it steady.
by bpwl
Wed Jan 03, 2024 1:08 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Interface Data Quota
Replies: 38
Views: 34331

Re: Interface Data Quota

Check hour instead of day, for the reset decision.

BTW, there is no need for a reboot, to reset the LTE counters. Toggle off/on will do the trick as well.
viewtopic.php?p=1046004#p725487
by bpwl
Tue Jan 02, 2024 12:02 pm
Forum: The Dude
Topic: Dude trying to login via winbox every hour
Replies: 5
Views: 7839

Re: Dude trying to login via winbox every hour

Potential reasons for DUDE connecting to RouterOS ... via WinBox
Your RB5009 will probably show multiple IP and MAC addresses in DUDE
And I see connect from ... means ... multiple DUDE outgoing addresses
Klembord-2.jpg
by bpwl
Sat Dec 30, 2023 12:33 pm
Forum: RouterOS beta
Topic: New User Manager in RouterOS v7
Replies: 211
Views: 81404

Re: New User Manager in RouterOS v7

Hope that certificate installation is NOT needed. Would be extra work. Please define "newer" Android. My smartphone is on Android 12. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Android_version_history No problems with certificates. Used "don't verify" in Android with ROS generated certificate...
by bpwl
Sat Dec 30, 2023 11:36 am
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Dude and own schemas?
Replies: 2
Views: 614

Re: Dude and own schemas?

Yes , with background and labels on devices and links
Klembord-2.jpg
by bpwl
Fri Dec 29, 2023 7:24 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: MIKROTIK POWERBOX ALL PORTS ARE BRIDGE [SOLVED]
Replies: 3
Views: 931

Re: MIKROTIK POWERBOX ALL PORTS ARE BRIDGE [SOLVED]

Do I have to make one port WAN and others LAN - then create the Bridge? Or should I make a WAN bridge for all ports? If all interfaces are bridged, then WAN or LAN has no meaning for the traffic handling among them. Being member of the LAN or WAN interface list is an attribute of the bridge. Ports ...
by bpwl
Fri Dec 29, 2023 4:37 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: wifi keeps disconnecting
Replies: 5
Views: 1245

Re: wifi keeps disconnecting

Just suggestions for root cause analysis. Unicast key timeout ... could be something with the "Ciphers" in client devices. We prefer Cipher "aes ccm" for performance, but some devices require "tkip" Or transmission errors? What is the value of TX CCQ in the registration...
by bpwl
Thu Dec 28, 2023 9:23 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: wifi keeps disconnecting
Replies: 5
Views: 1245

Re: wifi keeps disconnecting

Double check the security profile used, and the security setting in the smartphone.
Read LOG (topic= dhcp, debug) of DHCP server. Something might have been wrong there. (e.g. device might have had the same static IP address?)
by bpwl
Thu Dec 28, 2023 8:54 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: CAP XL AC cannot exceed 350mb speed at 5Ghz
Replies: 11
Views: 2068

Re: CAP XL AC cannot exceed 350mb speed at 5Ghz

833 is not a theoretical speed, but a channel speed. In this case, the data rate is usually 1/2. 420mbps is the actual data rate for this device. (*) ... interface rates are not the net data rate. There are a lot of mandatory inter-transmission gaps in 802.11 wifi , The higher the interface rate , ...
by bpwl
Thu Dec 28, 2023 2:56 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: wifi keeps disconnecting
Replies: 5
Views: 1245

Re: wifi keeps disconnecting

If a station does not get an IP address (from DHCP: without success), there will be no Internet traffic possible, and ... the station will then often disconnect from the AP (Linux reason code 8 : https://aboutcher.co.uk/2012/07/linux-wifi-deauthenticated-reason-codes/ ) -87 is low signal level, -95 ...
by bpwl
Wed Dec 20, 2023 12:53 am
Forum: General
Topic: Two Starlinks, management interface access
Replies: 15
Views: 2412

Re: Two Starlinks, management interface access

You need to connect to Starlink and change the internal network addressing. Instead of 192.168.1.1 set something like 192.168.231.1 then there will be no confusion. Cannot be done with Starlink. But multiple identical IP addresses are not a problem. Can be masqueraded to unique IP addresses for sel...
by bpwl
Thu Dec 07, 2023 1:53 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: DHCP Server constantly assigns-deassigns
Replies: 6
Views: 2790

Re: DHCP Server constantly assigns-deassigns

Unfortunatly .... didn't work as expected. Both DHCP servers assign conflicting IP addresses from the identical pool (same IP address to different devices) . One of the DHCP servers is authoritative the other even never. Didn't help. Wifi devices are often off-line. When both are on-line conflict ca...
by bpwl
Wed Dec 06, 2023 9:47 pm
Forum: The User Manager
Topic: User manager with multiple IP addresses on the interface
Replies: 0
Views: 2712

User manager with multiple IP addresses on the interface

... gives me problems, as the used IP address to answer an access request is not defined, seems not to be controllable, and flaps from time to time (e.g. when something is done and un-done to IP addresses, like adding or removing a VRRP). If the User Manager then answers with a different IP address ...
by bpwl
Wed Dec 06, 2023 1:15 am
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Can't make my wifi to use full speed, which config can I improve?
Replies: 19
Views: 2433

Re: Can't make my wifi to use full speed, which config can I improve?

Wow ... a bit old those 54Mbps , this is for 802.11G , single stream. See: https://mcsindex.com/ 1. Mostly we get dual stream (=2S) see it in the registration table. Like 144Mbps interface (*) rate, for 2 spatial streams, with only 20MHz bandwidth and short-guard interval 2. After G (g) comes N (n :...
by bpwl
Sun Dec 03, 2023 5:20 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: DHCP Server constantly assigns-deassigns
Replies: 6
Views: 2790

Re: DHCP Server constantly assigns-deassigns

Thx a lot @mkx. Was thinking to do the same, based on VRRP interface. But indeed, why depend on VRRP? Actually never saw a problem with a DHCP server that did not store the leases on disk. Clients came back with the same IP address in the leases, after reboot of the DHCP server. Have seen scripts to...
by bpwl
Sat Dec 02, 2023 10:15 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: DHCP Server constantly assigns-deassigns
Replies: 6
Views: 2790

Re: DHCP Server constantly assigns-deassigns

Aha MKX, I was hoping you would react. In my case I have only 2 DHCP servers on a subnet (VLAN) , and one of the devices was flapping between the 2 DHCP servers. The DHCP servers are full split scope, but if they respond alternatingly the client gets a lot of NAK , and disconnects from the wifi. (Do...
by bpwl
Sat Dec 02, 2023 1:04 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: DHCP Server constantly assigns-deassigns
Replies: 6
Views: 2790

Re: DHCP Server constantly assigns-deassigns

Hi, have the same with at least one wifi connected device. Devices are BYOD, so I have no client device information or access to its settings. The setup is with 2 hAP ax3 with ROS 7.12 , with each having a DHCP server per VLAN serving the same subnets, but with non-overlapping address pools. (split ...
by bpwl
Mon Nov 20, 2023 10:57 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: 14 years lasting BUG - disconnected, unicast key exchange timeout
Replies: 31
Views: 11716

Re: 14 years lasting BUG - disconnected, unicast key exchange timeout

when you have virtual wireless interface and wireless security does not match main wireless interface's security,; this bug occurs. hope this wireless driver bug can be fixed. thanks! best regards & wishes. Not my experience. I do have many times a RADIUS controlled (EAP secured) wifi interface...
by bpwl
Tue Nov 07, 2023 2:10 pm
Forum: General
Topic: loud balance 3 starlink
Replies: 19
Views: 2836

Re: loud balance 3 starlink

Using multiple devices with the same IP address ... many exemples here in this forum. This is just one of these : https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopic.php?t=119134 General idea is to give each device a unique IP address so you can differentiate [and route] them in your network , and then DST-NAT to ...
by bpwl
Tue Oct 31, 2023 11:24 pm
Forum: General
Topic: EoIP performance
Replies: 5
Views: 1011

Re: EoIP performance

I don't think 1500 as MTU for EoIP is a good idea here. EoIP is 42 bytes overhead already. https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopic.php?t=124812#p614891 The IPSEC overhead looks more complex than a simple number of bytes. It seems to be encryption protocol dependent also: https://packetpushers.net/ipsec...
by bpwl
Tue Oct 31, 2023 5:56 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Question MikroTik mANTBox 19s
Replies: 3
Views: 1624

Re: Question MikroTik mANTBox 19s

Interesting story, difficult setup choosen. Just some thoughts on wifi principles with directional antenna with high gain. 1. The transmit power in 5 GHz will be limited by the country/region regulation. That is the limit is for "radio power + antenna gain (19 dBi)", so the radio power wil...
by bpwl
Tue Oct 31, 2023 1:43 am
Forum: General
Topic: Routing distance not modifiable [SOLVED]
Replies: 4
Views: 1053

Re: Routing distance not modifiable [SOLVED]

Routes to direct connected networks (the whole subnet of the assigned IP address of the interface) have a distance of 0, because they are just there at no distance, local to the interface. Dynamic, because that route is not defined in the config, but added because of the local IP address? Should als...
by bpwl
Mon Oct 30, 2023 11:02 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: How to find router password
Replies: 36
Views: 4082

Re: How to find router password

Well, I did upgrade to the latest version 6.49.10 and with the rest of the story ... I seems like something went wrong with the upgrade of that device. Only option I see is doing a Netinstall then, as you do not get in that device at all (anymore) Some of the newer RouterOS versions are just too bi...
by bpwl
Mon Oct 30, 2023 9:45 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: How to find router password
Replies: 36
Views: 4082

Re: How to find router password

WinBox does not need a valid IP configuration to function. Maybe this helps. Otherwise IP configuration should work after a configuration reset, if the default configuration is loaded. https://wiki.mikrotik.com/wiki/Manual:Reset Reset config by button press till LED starts flashing only, do not go t...
by bpwl
Mon Oct 30, 2023 7:31 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: How to find router password
Replies: 36
Views: 4082

Re: How to find router password

1. Do NOT use ethernet port 1 for your PC, with the default config in the router. This is the default WAN port, and blocks everything incoming. 2. On the other ethernet ports and wifi you should get the proper IP address, and the default gateway should be set (check your PC network interface charact...
by bpwl
Mon Oct 30, 2023 1:13 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: LAN connect to WiFi via pseudobridge
Replies: 1
Views: 1125

Re: LAN connect to WiFi via pseudobridge

However from the WLAN I cannot see neither my PC IP address (192.168.1.60) nor the IP address of the bridge (192.168.1.200) I understand the non-MT wifi is the AP. The CAP Lite is a station, connected via wifi to the AP 1. It looks like your non-MT WLAN is not allowing inter-client communication (l...
by bpwl
Sun Oct 29, 2023 2:31 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: DHCP Offer not received on other side of trunk [solved]
Replies: 12
Views: 2349

Re: DHCP Offer not received on other side of trunk

Tried to use Openwrt in transparant bridge mode, relayd did not solve it, but even kmod_trelay, or other _mod_available at that time, did not work. I had the same DHCP problems as with station-pseudobridge in MT setup. DHCP lease stayed in "offered". https://openwrt.org/docs/guide-user/net...
by bpwl
Sun Oct 29, 2023 11:33 am
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: How to find router password
Replies: 36
Views: 4082

Re: How to find router password

Do you see the SSID "default" (which appears to be your name for it Default is the name of the security profile, not the network name to look for. The network name is the SSID. SSID at this location, as told already: The wireless SSID is under Wireless - Wireless interfaces - WLAN1 interf...
by bpwl
Sun Oct 29, 2023 12:59 am
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: How to find router password
Replies: 36
Views: 4082

Re: How to find router password

No password, or blanc/empty password. Leave it blanc in ROKU box as well. Only if ROKU box does not accept this , set a password in the router (WPA2 Preshared key field) with dynamic keys mode. Mode=none has no password or just an empty password. Should have worked with the ROKU box and empty passwo...
by bpwl
Sun Oct 29, 2023 12:35 am
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: How to find router password
Replies: 36
Views: 4082

Re: How to find router password

Open that default security profile. Don't hide the passwords. (In Webfig the "Hide password" button is in the left column) You will see the Preshared keys. (wifi password) Here only WPA2 is enabled in my case. Your case, no password is set yet (mode=none) this is open wifi, no password req...
by bpwl
Sat Oct 28, 2023 11:00 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: How to find router password
Replies: 36
Views: 4082

Re: How to find router password

Well, I did upgrade to the latest version 6.49.10 So you have the admin password of the MT router. You needed it for the upgrade! That's not what the ROKU needs (just learning what a "ROKU box" is, I'm not 77 yet, still plenty to learn) The ROKU wants internet access via wifi, so needs SS...
by bpwl
Sat Oct 28, 2023 9:14 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Case Study: Disabling NAT and Firewall on LAN Routers
Replies: 11
Views: 1319

Re: Case Study: Disabling NAT and Firewall on LAN Routers

Of course, but nobody would design for free on a forum.
But most will help for sure. What else are we doing here?
by bpwl
Sat Oct 28, 2023 9:11 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Case Study: Disabling NAT and Firewall on LAN Routers
Replies: 11
Views: 1319

Re: Case Study: Disabling NAT and Firewall on LAN Routers

https://www.techtarget.com/searchnetworking/definition/east-west-traffic If we do not know/understand your case, some imagination gets triggered here. It's getting wild. - east-west traffic control... really in scope? - collapsed core design ... really in scope ? Did all this in a multinational comp...
by bpwl
Sat Oct 28, 2023 5:36 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Case Study: Disabling NAT and Firewall on LAN Routers
Replies: 11
Views: 1319

Re: Case Study: Disabling NAT and Firewall on LAN Routers

If the WAN router can manage the 4 LAN's (DHCP per subnet, NAT to WAN, interLAN FW rules, ... etc). Then the 3 LR would just bridge the network. Actually acting as a switch Bridged connections bypass FW (NAT and filter) by default in MT. ISP internet router is often very limited or you get limited c...
by bpwl
Sat Oct 28, 2023 5:17 pm
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.12rc is released!
Replies: 225
Views: 93579

Re: v7.12rc is released!

Thx @MKX for this clarifying information. With all the posts on the internet forums like https://superuser.com/questions/870450/can-802-1q-vlan-packets-be-passed-through-wi-fi-transparently , even here, "wifi interfaces are never tagged", started to worry, even as my MT experience was that...
by bpwl
Sat Oct 28, 2023 12:57 pm
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.12rc is released!
Replies: 225
Views: 93579

Re: v7.12rc is released!

Maybe getting far off topic , as maybe nothing changed in ROS 7.12rc, or the change is between ROS6 and ROS7. But I do distribute multiple VLAN over MT legacy WLAN interfaces, eg. via CUBE-CUBE, SXTsa5 and SXTsq, and further downstream between hAP ac2 and other small MT AP, which are used as wifi-et...
by bpwl
Fri Oct 27, 2023 9:36 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: bridge-mode parameter in Router OS v7
Replies: 1
Views: 1637

Re: bridge-mode parameter in Router OS v7

It's changing over time. At first "AP-bridge - station-bridge" was with the WLAN classic driver only, not with wifiwave2. Actually the "bridge" function (4-address mode) was triggered when the station asked for the bridge function via mode "station-bridge". (See AP wifi...
by bpwl
Fri Oct 27, 2023 7:15 pm
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v7.12rc is released!
Replies: 225
Views: 93579

Re: v7.12rc is released!

I don't really get all this tagged/untagged discussion. The 802.11 frame header has no place for a VLAN ID, so, technically, wifi interfaces are never tagged. Well 802.11 standard frame has no space for a VLAN tag, and only has space for 3 MAC addresses. But MT with WLAN driver "AP bridge"...
by bpwl
Fri Oct 27, 2023 1:08 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Bridge without interfaces [SOLVED]
Replies: 2
Views: 869

Re: Bridge without interfaces [SOLVED]

Just routing.
Devices probably have this router as default gateway, so they will seek other subnets via 192.168.88.1
All interfaces are routable if forwarding is not dropped by the firewall.
by bpwl
Thu Oct 26, 2023 9:12 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: Failure with hAP AC3 WiFi coverage
Replies: 20
Views: 4662

Re: Failure with hAP AC3 WiFi coverage

Answer: Why doesn't it allow me to change the country on the 5g wifi. Always go to Canada2 I have seen this before, some users will paint themselves in a corner. And I warned Mikrotik they had created a trap, by removing "antenna gain" correction factor from the WinBox GUI interface. This...
by bpwl
Wed Oct 25, 2023 11:12 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: Failure with hAP AC3 WiFi coverage
Replies: 20
Views: 4662

Re: Failure with hAP AC3 WiFi coverage

"Canada2" ... indeed only when you need something very special there ... [admin@hAPac3] > interface wireless info country-info country: canada2 ranges: 2402-2472/b,g,gn20,gn40(30dBm) 5170-5250/a,an20,an40,ac20,ac40,ac80,ac160,ac80+80(30dBm)/indoor 5170-5250/a,an20,an40,ac20,ac40,ac80,ac160...
by bpwl
Wed Oct 25, 2023 5:15 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Is it time for me to ditch hAPac2?
Replies: 9
Views: 1666

Re: Is it time for me to ditch hAPac2?

Interesting, and somewhat as expected. Can be calculated: https://forum.mikrotik.com/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=165698#p912622 Except for the "auto" setting, which is undefined, you should check what you get, as different frequencies will give different power and throughput. MT ROS is not AI ...
by bpwl
Wed Oct 25, 2023 3:28 pm
Forum: General
Topic: How is that possible at all: traceroute reports 2 hops with same IP
Replies: 5
Views: 1080

Re: How is that possible at all: traceroute reports 2 hops with same IP

Aha, thanks @MKX.

From my house , with ROS Tools/traceroute towards 192.229.221.95, ... with protocol ICMP set shows single response (12), protocol UDP set shows the double response (12-13)
by bpwl
Wed Oct 25, 2023 1:40 pm
Forum: General
Topic: How is that possible at all: traceroute reports 2 hops with same IP
Replies: 5
Views: 1080

Re: How is that possible at all: traceroute reports 2 hops with same IP

It probably is the same machine that answered. The 10th line needed 10 hops before the TTL was reduced to zero (and that router reported the end of travel because TTL was used up) The 11th line (Traceroute with TTL=11) ended after 11 hops of the packet. That path was 1 hop longer. IP routes can be d...
by bpwl
Wed Oct 25, 2023 1:31 am
Forum: General
Topic: How is that possible at all: traceroute reports 2 hops with same IP
Replies: 5
Views: 1080

Re: How is that possible at all: traceroute reports 2 hops with same IP

Think of how traceroute works. Next attempt will be with a TTL which is one higher. It could/will be the same answer again. The local traceroute should have seen it was already there with TTL=10. The path for TTL=11 could be one longer than the previous one (routes vary over time, as next hops can d...
by bpwl
Tue Oct 24, 2023 3:08 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: How to turn off 2.4G WiFi signal
Replies: 3
Views: 1621

Re: How to turn off 2.4G WiFi signal

showing a "hidden network" in spectrum software "hidden network" or only visible in "freq usage"? Only in "freq usage" or in some radio spectrum tool, and not in scan or "Snooper", then is is not a 802.11 wifi signal or MT nstreme or nv2, but some o...
by bpwl
Tue Oct 24, 2023 1:00 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Is it time for me to ditch hAPac2?
Replies: 9
Views: 1666

Re: Is it time for me to ditch hAPac2?

Ok so how do I begin to narrow down the issue? I do not want to end up the same with the ax3. Normally you will not end up the same ... WLAN driver in Mikrotik is like a manual gearbox in a car, wifiwave2 and other brands are like automatic gearboxes. Optimal setting in most cases, Less control, bu...
by bpwl
Tue Oct 24, 2023 1:50 am
Forum: General
Topic: Is it time for me to ditch hAPac2?
Replies: 9
Views: 1666

Re: Is it time for me to ditch hAPac2?

440Mbps is very very good for WLAN driver in hAP ac2. But further away, 180Mbps is very normal. But then again the rate will lower with distance, signal quality, interference etc. 15Mbps only, something is very bad around there, or the wireless is set up for 20MHz channel width, with a single stream...
by bpwl
Mon Oct 23, 2023 8:49 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: hAP ax3 /interface wireless security-profiles missing?
Replies: 3
Views: 1401

Re: hAP ax3 /interface wireless security-profiles missing?

https://help.mikrotik.com/docs/display/ROS/WifiWave2 Wifiwave2 is only available on some devices. The AX devices and ... Due to storage, RAM, and architecture requirements, only the following products can replace their bundled wireless software package with wifiwave2: hAP ac³ (non-LTE) Audience and ...
by bpwl
Mon Oct 23, 2023 1:23 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Two ac^3 with wifiwave2: one no 5GHz [SOLVED]
Replies: 30
Views: 4904

Re: Two ac^3 with wifiwave2: one no 5GHz [SOLVED]

I know that, SSID is independent, but something in this config is not OK. Maybe used backup/restore between the 2 devices to copy the config, while one had wifiwave2 active, and the other not, instead of export/import? Who knows? Would "reset configuration" , as in a wifi interface correct...
by bpwl
Mon Oct 23, 2023 1:02 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Two ac^3 with wifiwave2: one no 5GHz [SOLVED]
Replies: 30
Views: 4904

Re: Two ac^3 with wifiwave2: one no 5GHz [SOLVED]

This config with "interface=*1" cannot work. Wrong config settings. Interface for bridge port is missing.
by bpwl
Mon Oct 23, 2023 12:53 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Two ac^3 with wifiwave2: one no 5GHz [SOLVED]
Replies: 30
Views: 4904

Re: Two ac^3 with wifiwave2: one no 5GHz [SOLVED]

Hmmmm WLAN1 and WLAN2 connected (port) to the bridge, but not available anymore as wifiwave2 is loaded, and wifi1 or wifi2 are not port to the bridge DHCP will not work then, clients will disconnect. As long as WLAN1 and WLAN2 are connected to the bridge ... only legacy wifi will work. Remove those...
by bpwl
Sun Oct 22, 2023 8:51 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Two ac^3 with wifiwave2: one no 5GHz [SOLVED]
Replies: 30
Views: 4904

Re: Two ac^3 with wifiwave2: one no 5GHz [SOLVED]

"add frequency=5180,5260,5500 name=ch-5g width=20/40/80mhz" and no country set will default to FCC region. But should not be a problem if the regualted frequencies are correct in ROS. Check with "interface/wifiwave2/radio/print detail" ? As in https://help.mikrotik.com/docs/displ...
by bpwl
Sun Oct 22, 2023 2:01 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: hAP Wifi Client
Replies: 4
Views: 1360

Re: hAP Wifi Client

Ping ... is bidirectional transmission. The answer must find it's way back also. And that reverse path may be a problem here. Other setup is using the Mikrotik as regular client for the ISP router (including Home gateway setup with NAT (srcnat or masquerade to WAN/WLAN) and firewall, and DHCP server...
by bpwl
Sun Oct 22, 2023 12:19 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Hybrid VLAN and bridging in ROSv7 [SOLVED]
Replies: 18
Views: 4444

Re: Hybrid VLAN and bridging in ROSv7 [SOLVED]

Mikrotik HELP has been updated, and now with access, trunk and hybrid interface exemples

https://help.mikrotik.com/docs/display/ ... NFiltering
by bpwl
Fri Oct 20, 2023 11:01 pm
Forum: General
Topic: hEX: Why my interface switch from 1Gbps to 100Mps?
Replies: 3
Views: 776

Re: hEX: Why my interface switch from 1Gbps to 100Mps?

Logical: auto negotiation may fail to allocated 1000Mbps at certain times. Loose wiring, oxydised contacts? 1000Mbps needs all wires to be OK, 100Mbps needs only 4. https://hardwaresecrets.com/how-gigabit-ethernet-works/ "Ethernet Cat 5/6 cables have eight wires (four pairs), but under 10BaseT ...
by bpwl
Fri Oct 20, 2023 6:31 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: hAP Wifi Client
Replies: 4
Views: 1360

Re: hAP Wifi Client

If the other router is also a Mikrotik, don't use pseudobridge, but use "AP bridge" on one and "station bridge" on the other. Add WLAN and ethernet for the printer to the RouterOS bridge. The networks will now be fully bridged. 1.Pseudo bridge has known problems with DHCP - stays...
by bpwl
Fri Oct 20, 2023 6:13 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Winbox shows empty config and keeps dissconecting
Replies: 4
Views: 2208

Re: Winbox shows empty config and keeps dissconecting

winbox shows me an empty configuration Happend to me when I had a (very) slow connection. (Did set the wifi TX rate to 30Kbps by accident in a test setup, and had that problem.) Looks like WinBox is showing the config windows immediatly, and then has to wait for the content to show. (With 30Kbps it...
by bpwl
Fri Oct 20, 2023 10:36 am
Forum: General
Topic: Remote control of a device by port forwarding [SOLVED]
Replies: 7
Views: 1728

Re: Remote control of a device by port forwarding [SOLVED]

Sure Wireguard is Ok.
And some ROS 7 test versions (not the RC) have BTH enabled in IP/Cloud. Back To Home is an very easy setup for a Wireguard tunnel.
by bpwl
Thu Oct 19, 2023 11:55 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Remote control of a device by port forwarding [SOLVED]
Replies: 7
Views: 1728

Re: Remote control of a device by port forwarding [SOLVED]

But my ISP blocks all access In that case how can you setup a PPTP VPN tunnel towards the Mikrotik router? Anyway every Mikrotik router has a potential public DDNS entry as <serialnumber>.sn.mynetname.net. See under IP/Cloud menu, and enable DDNS. For other DDNS options check with e.g."dyndns....
by bpwl
Thu Oct 19, 2023 11:08 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Hybrid VLAN and bridging in ROSv7 [SOLVED]
Replies: 18
Views: 4444

Re: Hybrid VLAN and bridging in ROSv7 [SOLVED]

Not sure if this is 100% correct, but the way I see this .... 1. VLAN interface, is an interface in RouterOS , traffic can be handled (eg. routed) at RouterOS L3. The VLAN interface does tag VLAN ingress and untag VLAN egress traffic. A VLAN interface can be defined on the bridge or other master int...
by bpwl
Thu Oct 19, 2023 11:57 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Two ac^3 with wifiwave2: one no 5GHz [SOLVED]
Replies: 30
Views: 4904

Re: Two ac^3 with wifiwave2: one no 5GHz [SOLVED]

Indeed in LOG and in Status page. The WLAN driver then also has state= "detecting radar" , not "running AP". Increased CAC time in the band 5600-5650MHz from 60s to 10 minutes. Be aware of the C and e frequencies! "Skip DFS channels= 10min CAC" if auto freq is used. If ...
by bpwl
Wed Oct 18, 2023 7:39 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Power tables for UK incorrect for 5725-5850
Replies: 18
Views: 4379

Re: Power tables for UK incorrect for 5725-5850

EDIT: content deleted. Was off-topic. Not UK specific.
by bpwl
Wed Oct 18, 2023 2:32 pm
Forum: General
Topic: MikroTik hAP ax3 - PTP bridge AP not showing in wizard.
Replies: 2
Views: 744

Re: MikroTik hAP ax3 - PTP bridge AP not showing in wizard.

ax device ... so it is wifiwave2 The "AP bridge" setting is for the legacy WLAN driver. Ax can not use the legacy (WLAN) driver. But with latest ROS7 the "AP" in wifiwave2 is some equivalent to "AP bridge" of the legacy driver. 'Some' equivalent, as they are not the sam...
by bpwl
Tue Oct 17, 2023 7:38 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Remote control of a device by port forwarding [SOLVED]
Replies: 7
Views: 1728

Re: Remote control of a device by port forwarding [SOLVED]

Using default firewall? Make sure the standard "allow DSTNAT" is active add action=drop chain=forward comment="defconf: drop all from WAN not DSTNATed" connection-nat-state=!dstnat connection-state=new in-interface-list=WAN # and then have something like /ip firewall nat add acti...
by bpwl
Tue Oct 17, 2023 7:02 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Remote control of a device by port forwarding [SOLVED]
Replies: 7
Views: 1728

Re: Remote control of a device by port forwarding [SOLVED]

I don't understand the network setup, too many possibilities here. "The router" is used too many times, which router is connected to what router, and which one is connected to the ISP? ISP then Schneider then Mikrotik , with PPP VPN in Mikrotik ???? 192.168.88.254 suggests other way around.
by bpwl
Tue Oct 17, 2023 6:46 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Logging and restarting best practices
Replies: 9
Views: 1578

Re: Logging and restarting best practices

So what are the best practices in terms of storing logs, rotating them, etc, so that the setup is stable and doesn't fill up the local disk?
LOG to disk storage (or USB stick) can be limited by design, just like using a circular buffer.
.
Klembord-2.jpg
.
Klembord-3.jpg
by bpwl
Tue Oct 17, 2023 1:34 am
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Hybrid VLAN and bridging in ROSv7 [SOLVED]
Replies: 18
Views: 4444

Re: Mikrotik VLAN routing (L3) in RouterOS v7 [SOLVED]

Simple rule: an ethernet interface that is a port on a bridge is reduced to a "slave interface" only. E.G. : It can not have DHCP server defined on it. DHCP client, IP address, and other things should be defined on the bridge. Those are not forbidden on the ethernet interface but not recom...
by bpwl
Mon Oct 16, 2023 1:45 am
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Hybrid VLAN and bridging in ROSv7 [SOLVED]
Replies: 18
Views: 4444

Re: Mikrotik VLAN routing for dummies [SOLVED]

a way to combine VLAN 13 and untagged traffic on a bridged physical interface where I have my AP connected. Is it possible to switch the untagged traffic on L2 and route all VLAN13 traffic while these are on the same interface? Can someone explain this straight-forward setup to me? Well trying to c...
by bpwl
Sat Oct 14, 2023 2:31 pm
Forum: General
Topic: What is the pwr-line1 interface on mAP 2nd and how to use it?
Replies: 5
Views: 995

Re: What is the pwr-line1 interface on mAP 2nd and how to use it?

Hidden feature, that micro-USB port can also be used to provide power to another device.
Just power, or is it USB OTG (USB controller) ?
by bpwl
Sat Oct 14, 2023 2:28 pm
Forum: General
Topic: What is the pwr-line1 interface on mAP 2nd and how to use it?
Replies: 5
Views: 995

Re: What is the pwr-line1 interface on mAP 2nd and how to use it?

European version is discontinued, and no direct link on the MT harware pages: https://mikrotik.com/product/pwr_line_eu Used in combination with mAP Lite, mAP, hAP lite, hAP lite TC, and the other end of the powerline can also be combined device Mikrotik PL6411-2nD (again only US version on MT site) ...
by bpwl
Fri Oct 13, 2023 10:50 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: how many clients can be connected to Hap ax3?
Replies: 2
Views: 1459

Re: how many clients can be connected to Hap ax3?

Indeed depends. No experience with large numbers with wifiwave2 driver. But on WLAN driver (not possible on ax3) 30 active clients is no problem. The theoretical limit there is 2007 connected. Many devices are just connected (like smartphones, tablets, smartwatches, Iot devices) without actually tra...
by bpwl
Thu Oct 12, 2023 11:58 pm
Forum: General
Topic: hAP ax3
Replies: 3
Views: 1063

Re: hAP ax3

Timing or power(up) problem with the 4 TB hdd?
What happens after "System/Routerboard/ usb power-reset" ?
by bpwl
Thu Oct 12, 2023 11:31 pm
Forum: Scripting
Topic: Remove disk from /files
Replies: 10
Views: 2058

Re: Remove disk from /files

Has no one encountered this?
Yes have seen that after using multiple USB drives.
They can be removed via System/Disks, and will not re-appear in Files after reboot.
At least this is possible in ROS 7 (may not be the case in ROS6)
by bpwl
Thu Oct 12, 2023 11:28 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Command to save config on the terminal
Replies: 2
Views: 1830

Re: Command to save config on the terminal

If you want a readable and usable copy in a file to download ... use "export" command with a filename in the terminal.
by bpwl
Thu Oct 12, 2023 11:23 pm
Forum: General
Topic: MAPN2
Replies: 4
Views: 666

Re: MAPN2

Maybe first make clear what you want. Is it one network 192.168.0.0/24 for both he MAP1 and te MAP2? Or is the desired network with 2 networks 192.168.88.0/24 for MAP1 and 192.168.20.0/24 for MAP2. I assume the first case is wanted. All clients are member of one subnet 192.168.0.0/24, the subnet of ...
by bpwl
Tue Oct 10, 2023 12:28 am
Forum: General
Topic: Virtual or pseudo ethernet interfaces possible?
Replies: 18
Views: 24356

Re: Virtual or pseudo ethernet interfaces possible?

But now MACVLAN may be helpfull. https://help.mikrotik.com/docs/display/ROS/MACVLAN

MACVLAN is very new ... ROS 7.12rc1 ... 2023-Oct-05
by bpwl
Tue Oct 10, 2023 12:15 am
Forum: General
Topic: Gateway issue?
Replies: 5
Views: 1962

Re: Gateway issue?

Just to add another question will VRRP work on VLAN interfaces
Yes.
But I have seen exemples in this forum with VRRP on VLAN, viewtopic.php?p=1001060 but also VLAN's on VRRP.
The later probably to make all VLAN fail over at the same time ???? Lost the link to that one.
by bpwl
Mon Oct 09, 2023 11:46 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Two IP addresses from one provider „like two ISPs“
Replies: 2
Views: 878

Re: Two IP addresses from one provider „like two ISPs“

And I don't know how to tell the MT to get two IP addresses from one single cable going from ISP This was difficult, as you need 2 MAC addresses for the ISP. Playing with VRRP was a trick to get a second MAC address on an interface. (Or use 2 ethernet interfaces, as MT suggests) But now MACVLAN may...
by bpwl
Sat Oct 07, 2023 11:56 pm
Forum: Scripting
Topic: Many vlan lines on bridge. Does it matter ?
Replies: 3
Views: 1514

Re: Many vlan lines on bridge. Does it matter ?

As you know: Syntax allows for multiple ports and multiple VLAN ids like: add bridge=bridge tagged=bridge untagged=ether2,ether3,ether4 vlan-ids=10 add bridge=bridge1 tagged=ether1 untagged=ether2,ether3 vlan-ids=20,30 'export' will resemble input (but may be different order) print has it's own form...
by bpwl
Sat Oct 07, 2023 11:37 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: dhcp addresses for hikvision cameras
Replies: 16
Views: 2233

Re: dhcp addresses for hikvision cameras

Not familiar with ONVIF .... just started reading ... https://www.pelco.com/blog/onvif-guide . Does this assign or force for IP addresses??? aagh yes ... page 12 ... https://files.pelco.com/camera-configuration-tool-user-guide-en_2023-06-01-154703_wxvp.pdf DHCP is automatically disabled for the came...
by bpwl
Sat Oct 07, 2023 9:24 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: dhcp addresses for hikvision cameras
Replies: 16
Views: 2233

Re: dhcp addresses for hikvision cameras

Well, good description of the setup, but still very difficult to know (guess) what is happening. Just some thoughts. - static IP addresses (leases) in DHCP do not work if that client device, or another device in the network, already has that IP address (My usual mistake, give a device some fixed IP ...
by bpwl
Sat Oct 07, 2023 6:32 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Station bridge DHCP/Route problem ?
Replies: 6
Views: 1685

Re: Station bridge DHCP/Route problem ?

I have a question, the bridge protocol mode should be set to none on both ac's ? Or on the 2nd one only ? Don't know if this is any good as advice, but in such very simple networks I tend to disable the STP protocol (set to "none"), as I don't see the need for loop protection, and STP pro...
by bpwl
Sat Oct 07, 2023 12:51 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: LAN MAC addresses leaking out WAN port?
Replies: 2
Views: 987

Re: LAN MAC addresses leaking out WAN port?

Didn't see a potential cause.
Maybe also check this: viewtopic.php?t=86880
Fast-path? Switch?

And minor unrelated detail : private-subnet 192.168.0.0/24
Should be 192.168.0.0/16 AFAIK.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reserved_ ... esses#IPv4
by bpwl
Sat Oct 07, 2023 1:24 am
Forum: Forwarding Protocols
Topic: CCR2116 only 200M TCP throughput
Replies: 4
Views: 1698

Re: CCR2116 only 200M TCP throughput

no any queue setting But there are default interface queue's active. TAB "Interface Queues" under Queues in MT Help: All RouterBOARDS have default queue type "only-hardware-queue" with "kind=none". "only-hardware-queue" leaves interface with only hardware tra...
by bpwl
Sat Oct 07, 2023 1:16 am
Forum: Forwarding Protocols
Topic: CCR2116 only 200M TCP throughput
Replies: 4
Views: 1698

Re: CCR2116 only 200M TCP throughput

no any queue setting But there are default interface queue's active. TAB "Interface Queues" under Queues in MT Help: All RouterBOARDS have default queue type "only-hardware-queue" with "kind=none". "only-hardware-queue" leaves interface with only hardware tra...
by bpwl
Sat Oct 07, 2023 12:16 am
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Hybrid VLAN and bridging in ROSv7 [SOLVED]
Replies: 18
Views: 4444

Re: Mikrotik VLAN routing for dummies [SOLVED]

Yes it is very flexible , because it is a combination of many things (switch, router, NATing gateway, Firewall, VPN, etc etc) And RouterOS lets one just combine things to create some complex setup. For younger network people this can be very confusing to still see the things as independent OSI layer...
by bpwl
Fri Oct 06, 2023 3:36 pm
Forum: Forwarding Protocols
Topic: CCR2116 only 200M TCP throughput
Replies: 4
Views: 1698

Re: CCR2116 only 200M TCP throughput

- ethernet connections loose packets (bad checksum, collision, etc) - routers drop packets if queue gets full - TCP uses missing packets for congestion control (different algoritms possible: Reno, cubic, compound, ...) - TCP will ask for retransmit of missing packet - some queue's drop packets (e.g....
by bpwl
Fri Oct 06, 2023 3:15 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Hybrid VLAN and bridging in ROSv7 [SOLVED]
Replies: 18
Views: 4444

Re: Mikrotik VLAN routing for dummies [SOLVED]

You do not need VLAN bridge if the VLAN are only routed. Create VLAN interfaces for every VLAN (they may exist on one (ethernet) interface without a bridge). The same VLANid on different interfaces are separate/independent VLANs (If the ethernet interface is a port on a bridge, the VLAN must be defi...
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