Community discussions

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by r00t
Mon May 20, 2019 7:48 pm
Forum: Virtualization
Topic: SR-IOV PCI bypass
Replies: 2
Views: 372

Re: SR-IOV PCI bypass

New drivers haven't been added to x86 ROS for ages. Yes, there's a lot of hardware that simply doesn't work.
I don't expect this to change in any way for ROS 6.x, only hope is that 7.x will have better drivers, but who knows when that will be released...
by r00t
Mon May 20, 2019 3:19 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Mikrotik as XModem transmitter?
Replies: 3
Views: 250

Re: Mikrotik as XModem transmitter?

Set up serial tcp server in Mikrotik, then you can use any terminal that can do XMODEM and other transfers, like terraterm, to connect and do the job... It's even possible to create virtual COM port on windows PC that forwards all traffic to/from the Mikrotik box, very handy if you have to use some ...
by r00t
Wed May 15, 2019 4:49 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Mikrotik WLAN & CAPsMAN - Bad download perfomance
Replies: 47
Views: 4767

Re: Mikrotik WLAN & CAPsMAN - Spatial stream perfomance issue

You'd be in much better position with an (overkill) RB4011 WiFi and RouterOS 6.45, which enables all four chains correctly.
RB4011 have it's own set of quirks and issues, 5GHz WIFI is very much broken as you can see here: RB4011: wlan1 disabling itself
by r00t
Sat May 11, 2019 4:29 pm
Forum: RouterOS v6 RC and v7 BETA
Topic: Got fq_codel yet?
Replies: 36
Views: 10613

Re: Got fq_codel yet?

Is fq_codel implemented in MikroTik RouterOS? no, it's not And answer to all problems and current issues is still exactly the same, like it was in the year 2015: thanks for the suggestion, we are looking into it for v7. currently you can use SFQ, which is also very good Four years later and we are ...
by r00t
Tue May 07, 2019 11:25 pm
Forum: General
Topic: RB2011UiAS-2HnD-IN replacement
Replies: 6
Views: 373

Re: RB2011UiAS-2HnD-IN replacement

RB4011 is best matching device for your requirements, at least on the paper. However as written above, make sure you check all the specifications as there are some small details that may break your config completely, like the switch chip capabilities. Also state of 5GHz WIFI on RB4011 is still bugge...
by r00t
Sat May 04, 2019 4:08 am
Forum: General
Topic: Access to the SFPs A0h Pages
Replies: 3
Views: 283

Re: Access to the SFPs A0h Pages

monitor command can only hex-dump eeprom addresses 0000 - 00ff
by r00t
Sat Apr 27, 2019 7:46 pm
Forum: Virtualization
Topic: Why is there not a CHR ISO for bare metal ?
Replies: 5
Views: 681

Re: Why is there not a CHR ISO for bare metal ?

Native CHR would be great and all they need to do is to build CHR with full Linux kernel with all modules that are available. Yes, it will make it much bigger, but we aren't talking embedded here. It's perfectly fine to have big fat kernel or thousands of modules. This would enable support for all m...
by r00t
Fri Apr 26, 2019 1:36 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: RB4011: wlan1 disabling itself
Replies: 202
Views: 21983

Re: RB4011: wlan1 disabling itself

if i'll change the original 2.4ghz minipcie adapter with, let's say, an intel 7260... will ROS recognize it? No, Intel wlan chipsets are unsupported in ROS. Only Atheros may work. Re same MACs: While this is probably another bug in RB4011, it's not the culprit for 5GHz WLAN troubles, because they h...
by r00t
Wed Apr 24, 2019 4:01 am
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: RB4011: wlan1 disabling itself
Replies: 202
Views: 21983

Re: RB4011: wlan1 disabling itself

This should have been fixed long time ago. Bug like this just kills entire product. Meanwhile MK is still selling RB4011 WIFI version that's clearly flawed and part of it (5GHz WLAN) is completely unusable. It's easy to just say "if you don't like it, just RMA it and you get your money back"... yeah...
by r00t
Sun Apr 21, 2019 1:30 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: RB4011: wlan1 disabling itself
Replies: 202
Views: 21983

Re: RB4011: wlan1 disabling itself

If it's really the antenna gain setting, then manually lowering tx power would fix it as well. Antenna gain just limits maximum power to obey regulatory domain.
by r00t
Fri Apr 19, 2019 11:15 pm
Forum: General
Topic: /tool sniffer Code: 3 (Port unreachable)
Replies: 15
Views: 839

Re: /tool sniffer Code: 3 (Port unreachable)

Yes, this is the problem with TZSP and UDP. Often some packets get lost, meaning IDS can't inspect all of them. Also wireshark doesn't like it and some filters apply to the UDP TZSP stream instead of sniffed packets. It would be better to have an option to do port mirroring for bridges in ROS, where...
by r00t
Fri Apr 19, 2019 1:06 am
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: 750 gr3 bin bios file
Replies: 5
Views: 501

Re: 750 gr3 bin bios file

I think your only hope is to read it out from other device. Mikrotik BIOSes can be downloaded as .fwf files and they are also stored in flash as such, but what you probably need is the "bios loader" code that loads these. Flash/NAND can be fully dumped from LEDE/OpenWRT and that can be booted of net...
by r00t
Wed Apr 10, 2019 10:38 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: Problem with Reset button on a Groove board !
Replies: 1
Views: 263

Re: Problem with Reset button on a Groove board !

Just short these two pads sticking out from the damaged button base, it should work. Make sure you don't touch anything around.
by r00t
Wed Apr 10, 2019 10:36 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: LHG 60G experience
Replies: 542
Views: 58323

Re: LHG 60G experience

All Mikrotik 60G hardware is so far compatible, so you can mix LHGs and WAPs as you like. But don't expect it to work with other vendors, even if it uses common 802.11ad platform. Everyone is playing on it's own playground, there is no intercompatibility due to customized protocols and different ven...
by r00t
Mon Apr 08, 2019 4:28 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: place SIM cards 50m away from the modem
Replies: 2
Views: 528

Re: place SIM cards 50m away from the modem

Can't guarantee this to work, but it should as SIM card usually uses very low rate (kilobits/s) to communicate: add extension between the socket and SIM card, just wire them together over 50m of STP cable. Get two SIM card extension cables from China, then solder cable between them to make them long...
by r00t
Sat Apr 06, 2019 4:37 pm
Forum: RouterOS v6 RC and v7 BETA
Topic: v6 RC and v7 BETA
Replies: 126
Views: 23368

Re: v6 RC and v7 BETA

I really hope they use v4 kernel, but MIkrotik is still selling devices with 16MB of flash (WHYYYYYYY you do this?!!!!)... so it's not looking good.
by r00t
Sat Apr 06, 2019 2:48 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: RB433
Replies: 2
Views: 259

Re: RB433

If you only do the bridging, no CPU will be a bottleneck. Both groove and rb433 can do more than 50mbit/s in a bridge setup like this.
by r00t
Fri Apr 05, 2019 4:41 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: transfer Jumbo Packets with two RBwAP-60ad
Replies: 4
Views: 431

Re: transfer Jumbo Packets with two RBwAP-60ad

According to the https://wiki.mikrotik.com/wiki/Manual:Maximum_Transmission_Unit_on_RouterBoards ethernet can handle jumbo frames, but wireless can't. So you can't just bridge them, that will not work. You have to create PPPoE server on one side and client on the other, configured to pass the jumbo ...
by r00t
Thu Apr 04, 2019 7:58 pm
Forum: RouterOS v6 RC and v7 BETA
Topic: v6 RC and v7 BETA
Replies: 126
Views: 23368

Re: v6 RC and v7 BETA

Nice to see at least some reply regarding v7. Just want to say when it's ready enough to release some alpha version, please do so. Even if it's missing some features or doesn't work on some hardware, it would still be great to get some real world testing results. I can imagine wireless and various e...
by r00t
Wed Apr 03, 2019 4:33 pm
Forum: Beginner Basics
Topic: Best VPN for Mikrotik / RouterOS
Replies: 6
Views: 698

Re: Best VPN for Mikrotik / RouterOS

Best VPN is one you make yourself, host CHR somewhere and use native Mikrotik protocols (EoIP,IPIP,etc.) Generally avoid TCP based protocols (SSTP,OpenVPN) for performance reasons (single TCP connection), always prefer UDP ones (PPTP,L2TP,...). Obviously it all depends on what you are trying to do, ...
by r00t
Wed Apr 03, 2019 4:53 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: 802.11ax
Replies: 69
Views: 10281

Re: 802.11ax

For 802.11ax, there should be no need for any custom TDMA protocol, because standard itself already have what you can call NV2 on steroids: Not only it's TDMA, it can also assign different parts of spectrum to a different users for each timeslot... over multiple MIMO beams. And all this is handled b...
by r00t
Wed Apr 03, 2019 4:35 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: How To Mount Mikrotik LDF 5
Replies: 5
Views: 522

Re: How To Mount Mikrotik LDF 5

For ground links it's often easier to mount the dish upside down.
Searching for "inverted dish wifi" on google images will give you some good results.
One example with diagrams and good read: https://www.ab9il.net/wlan-projects/wifi3.html
by r00t
Tue Apr 02, 2019 3:39 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Raw disk image(img) - inpossible to booting from flash
Replies: 8
Views: 524

Re: Raw disk image(img) - inpossible to booting from flash

It's likely CHR doesn't have drivers for your hardware (disk) so it can't find root filesystem and fails to boot. Sadly there are no kernel messages so you don't really know what's happening.
by r00t
Sat Mar 30, 2019 2:00 am
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: New standard 802.11ax
Replies: 25
Views: 6264

Re: New standard 802.11ax

Dev boards and dev kits are always super expensive, the BOM cost is probably closer to $188 than $1888. No one expects Mikrotik to have this hardware ready and selling right now. But at least to acknowledge 802.11ax exists and that they are working on it... maybe have a board like this running ROS a...
by r00t
Thu Mar 28, 2019 4:25 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Running IPv6 on Mikrotik? You're out of business in 12 days time
Replies: 32
Views: 14958

Re: Running IPv6 on Mikrotik? You're out of business in 12 days time

Mikrotik have known about this for a year and have done nothing to fix it.
If this is true, then WTF are they even thinking?!
This only sends all the bad messaging: If you want a bug to be fixed, release it as zero day exploit. Doing it nice and proper way gets you nowhere...
by r00t
Thu Mar 28, 2019 1:59 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Cloud IPs need to be blocked
Replies: 13
Views: 961

Re: Cloud IPs need to be blocked

Disable everything cloud and use NTP Client for clock updating instead.
by r00t
Wed Mar 27, 2019 11:07 pm
Forum: General
Topic: RouterOS x86 Supported Hardware and Drivers
Replies: 2
Views: 546

Re: RouterOS x86 Supported Hardware and Drivers

Sadly there is no official list of supported hardware or list of drivers, or their versions, included in various ROS releases. Drivers/kernel modules differ even between platforms. You can try to unpack the main package (7zip does the job) and look for the kernel modules of interest. They usually ha...
by r00t
Fri Mar 22, 2019 4:00 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: wAP 60Gx3 AP - anyone already tested it?
Replies: 7
Views: 783

Re: wAP 60Gx3 AP - anyone already tested it?

For WAPs and mesh targeted hardware, it's not that important, but LHGs should have had 5GHz backup from the beginning! It's a shame LHGs still doesn't have backup radio. There is even place for all the RF chips on the board, but it's not populated. It probably failed to pass FCC tests or there is so...
by r00t
Thu Mar 21, 2019 9:38 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: wAP 60Gx3 AP - anyone already tested it?
Replies: 7
Views: 783

Re: wAP 60Gx3 AP - anyone already tested it?

Also "CH0 5G" - 5GHz backup, unpopulated again
by r00t
Thu Mar 21, 2019 3:42 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Feature Request: Separate the firmware(bootloader) and routeros version number
Replies: 8
Views: 472

Re: Feature Request: Separate the firmware(bootloader) and routeros version number

That's how it was, not that long ago. Routerboot had own version number and it was easy to tell if you have to update it or not. Also most routerboards had working serial console you could easily use to enter routerboot menus, check version, update it using xmodem... Then someone though: "Let's make...
by r00t
Thu Mar 21, 2019 12:06 am
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: RB as serial console
Replies: 11
Views: 2946

Re: RB as serial console

Yes, so far I had no issues with FTDI usb to serial converters. They just work and while usually costing bit more, they have all RS232 signals for full hardware handshaking that some equipment may require. Sadly it's sometimes hard to find what chipset cable uses before you buy it (often same lookin...
by r00t
Wed Mar 20, 2019 3:13 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Where is dtim and beacon interval??
Replies: 5
Views: 557

Re: Where is dtim and beacon interval??

Beacon interval is 100ms, not sure about DTIM
by r00t
Tue Mar 19, 2019 11:24 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: Where is dtim and beacon interval??
Replies: 5
Views: 557

Re: Where is dtim and beacon interval??

If you search the forum you will find these can't be set and have been requested for a long time... yet Mikrotik doesn't seems to be listening or there is some hidden reason why these can't be changed (their own wireless drivers?). Especially beacon interval would be handy to modify, but NOPE.... no...
by r00t
Tue Mar 19, 2019 7:52 pm
Forum: Announcements
Topic: Tik App, MikroTik android utility ALPHA test
Replies: 419
Views: 139820

Re: Tik App, MikroTik android utility ALPHA test

I can't care less about kid control or internet detect, these are just taking space.
BTW, I found that enabling Internet detect shows graphs of your WAN interfaces =)
I would rather not have to join the botnet just for the privilege of seeing interface graphs...
by r00t
Tue Mar 19, 2019 3:34 pm
Forum: Announcements
Topic: Tik App, MikroTik android utility ALPHA test
Replies: 419
Views: 139820

Re: Tik App, MikroTik android utility ALPHA test

Please make initial screen after connect (dashboard?) configurable. I can't care less about kid control or internet detect, these are just taking space. Instead, having last 10 log entries, graph of traffic on selected interfaces, list of registered wifi clients, or DHCP clients... or simply shortcu...
by r00t
Mon Mar 18, 2019 6:37 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: LHG 60G experience
Replies: 542
Views: 58323

Re: LHG 60G experience

While Terragraph sounds interesting, it certainly can't replace P2P links (whitepaper says range is about 250m, using small antennas).
by r00t
Mon Mar 18, 2019 5:02 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: LHG 60G experience
Replies: 542
Views: 58323

Re: LHG 60G experience

On 60GHz WAP radio PCB, there is place for 5GHz radio chips, but it was never used. Mikrotik appears to be just sleeping, while competition is creeping closer and closer and may beat them at their own 60GHz game... Hopefully this will be a wakeup call and we will see some new 60GHz gear soon. They m...
by r00t
Mon Mar 18, 2019 4:41 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: transfer Jumbo Packets with two RBwAP-60ad
Replies: 4
Views: 431

Re: transfer Jumbo Packets with two RBwAP-60ad

I haven't tried it with jumbo frames, but PPPoE can pass bigger packets over link with smaller MTU. See https://wiki.mikrotik.com/wiki/Manual:M ... iple_links
PPP is only link that can do this, AFAIK no other tunnel can reassemble/unfragment packets.
by r00t
Tue Mar 12, 2019 7:14 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: MUM Europe 2019: new hardware
Replies: 61
Views: 10580

Re: MUM Europe 2019: new hardware

The powerline adapter is basically entirely new powerline modem, with it's own CPU. There is no magic "microusb" that can forward powerline signal to the mAP, that's impossible. The external box would probably appear as a USB device when plugged into phone or PC (existence of drivers to actually use...
by r00t
Sun Mar 10, 2019 3:01 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: MUM Europe 2019: new hardware
Replies: 61
Views: 10580

Re: MUM Europe 2019: new hardware

It seems like Mikrotik is expanding into new technologies lately (LTE,Powerline,GPEN,...). Which would be great, but it feels like it's at the expense of "traditional products" like WISP wireless. Yes, we got 60GHz stuff that's really great, but just look at the state of the WIFI on RB4011... or eve...
by r00t
Fri Mar 08, 2019 7:19 pm
Forum: Wireless Networking
Topic: New standard 802.11ax
Replies: 25
Views: 6264

Re: New standard 802.11ax

It's only about the software and that's what will take a lot of time for Mikrotik to get working, lagging behind competition probably by 1-2 years. Hardware wise, Qualcomm/Atheros provides reference design boards, some APs are just that in a custom box, for example: https://wikidevi.com/wiki/Compex_...
by r00t
Fri Mar 08, 2019 5:02 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Mikrotik User Meeting 2019 Vienna report - ENGLISH SUBTITLES
Replies: 6
Views: 1140

Re: Mikrotik User Meeting 2019 Vienna report - ENGLISH SUBTITLES

Good to see the miniPCI LORA card to be offered standalone, hopefully it will not be priced with premium compared to wAP with lora built in.
There is already RAK833 LORAWAN miniPCI card on the market, with price around $100, hoping Mikrotik version will be competitive...
by r00t
Thu Mar 07, 2019 5:55 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: MUM Europe 2019: new hardware
Replies: 61
Views: 10580

Re: MUM Europe 2019: new hardware

Silence around 802.11ax is deafening... and disappointing.
I guess in the end we will be happy if 160MHz channels are actually fixed and working on RB4011 year after it launched... wave2 is already lost cause... 802.11ax not even planned :(
by r00t
Thu Mar 07, 2019 2:14 am
Forum: General
Topic: Woobm - Not working
Replies: 2
Views: 187

Re: Woobm - Not working

Do a quick check of the USB voltage coming from hEX. If you have one of these USB power meters, check that it doesn't drop when loaded. The Woobm WIFI part should boot and work even when plugged in power-only port (like USB power-bank). So if that's not even working correctly on hEX, it looks like i...
by r00t
Thu Mar 07, 2019 2:07 am
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: RB as serial console
Replies: 11
Views: 2946

Re: RB as serial console

Maybe try a different USB2Serial cable with different (non Prolific) chip. I have had very bad experience with pl2302 based cables, they often stopped working for no reason and were very sensitive.. for example, when connecting it to the managed switch, USB stopped working every time switch was powe...
by r00t
Wed Mar 06, 2019 2:46 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Radical change coming for home and small business networking
Replies: 37
Views: 2585

Re: Radical change coming for home and small business networking

If it can be abused, it WILL be abused by bad ISPs. It's simple as that. They can smell money from every slide of that presentation. "Hi Dave, looks like you just connected another phone to your home WIFI! For just $5/mo, it will be able to access internet" This is going back 20 years, when you had ...
by r00t
Wed Feb 27, 2019 7:19 pm
Forum: RouterBOARD hardware
Topic: Wireless USB dongle support?
Replies: 2
Views: 585

Re: Wireless USB dongle support?

There is no wlan on usb support in any current mikrotik version. You will have to buy one that have all your required wireless options. But if you only need more LAN ports and your chosen mikrotik board have USB, you can use USB to LAN adapter. Even the cheap ones from Aliexpress (black with two LED...
by r00t
Fri Feb 22, 2019 5:17 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Security issue when Winbox exposed
Replies: 67
Views: 5270

Re: Security issue when Winbox exposed

I think if Mikrotik had bounties for exploits, it would be much better. If you don't want to offer money, maybe you could offer free devices as prices?
by r00t
Thu Feb 21, 2019 11:07 pm
Forum: Announcements
Topic: v6.43.12 [stable] is released!
Replies: 49
Views: 11683

Re: v6.43.12 [stable] is released!

*) winbox - improvements in connection handling to router with open winbox service; Nice, so this actually IS quite serious security hole that have been silently patched. Proper changelog should have been something like: *) winbox - fixed vulnerability allowing access to devices behind router with ...
by r00t
Thu Feb 21, 2019 6:00 pm
Forum: General
Topic: Security issue when Winbox exposed
Replies: 67
Views: 5270

Re: Security issue when Winbox exposed

This shows that current winbox authentication code is flawed. Winbox server should not accept any commands until you log in with valid user and password. Checking if user is logged in for every function call is not a good practice, it needs to be fixed globally. User must authenticate itself before ...