Thank you for your reply. First things first, I corrected the diagram:
x.177(cable modem)----x.178(mikrotik)---bridged network(on port ether2)---here is where I want to put x.y (x.179) on another mikrotik router.
(The gateway / cable modem is x.177, the second router should have been x.179 the next address in the block)
Next, as above the gateway is x.177, after reading through your post I realized my error. So when I entered it into the main mikrotik as such it shows up as a /32 not /28. Don't know if this helps any.
;;; WAN Public
-D x.x.x.178/32 x.x.x.177 ether1-gateway
My usable address range is x.178-x.190 as per my ISP.
Now on the first question you have about the cable modem, it appears that its address is x.177 as when I tracert from the mikrotik in the above diagram to a server connected directly to the second port on the cable modem it goes hop 0 = x.177 hop 1 = x.180
The gateway is my providers near as I can tell. Which from what I understand you saying that means it is routed and I should be able to route /32 addresses out to other devices (routers, servers, etc)?
Thank you so much again, I am really starting to like networking / routing but it is kicking my behind trying to wrap my head around some of the concepts.