No, you cannot. At least not with built in tools. You can write a script that collects that info, writes it to a file, uses "/tool fetch" to push it to the other router, which can then auto execute it. This is unlikely to scale because the built in scripting language cannot handle files larger than 4,096 bytes. A better solution would be to write an external tool that uses the API to achieve this.
Either way there's no canned solution and you'll have to write one yourself.
Specific answers require specific questions. When in doubt, post the output of "/ip address print detail", "/ip route print detail", "/interface print detail", "/ip firewall export", and an accurate network diagram.