As the subject line says, I'm totally new to networking past setting up a consumer grade TP Link router... I've spent the last couple of days and nights researching articles, forums, videos, etc. trying to wrap my head around all things networking in an attempt to make setting up my Mikrotik devices easier. I'm realizing there is a lot of pre-configured items in consumer routers I wasn't aware of...
With that being said, I have a few questions I'm hoping will help me understand how to configure my system (Hex S router and CRS326-24G-2S+RM switch).
So we'll say my Gateway and DHCP server have IP Address 192.168.0.1 and will hand out addresses from 192.168.0.10 to 192.168.0.254 (Subnet is 255.255.255.0). Now Comcast sends my dynamic IP address to my modem (I use a personal Netgear modem with no routing capabilities) which in turn is sent to my Hex S router through Port 1. Is the IP Address of Port 1 the Gateway Address?
In order for any device connected to my router to get internet access, I need to bridge each port to port 1. In the standard "4-port run of the mill" consumer router, is this done automatically?
Now, let's say I want to add my CRS Switch to the system for additional hosts. Because this switch is a physical piece of hardware different than the router, is it a different "network" that needs to be bridged to the router? If that is the case, does that mean I need to setup a completely different DHCP server on my router to handle the switch?
With respect to the switch (and actually the router as well), is every port considered a separate "network" that requires I bridge them together before anyone can talk to another one? Does each port have it's own MAC address that can be assigned an IP address? If so, are consumer grade routers the same way?
I've watched several different videos on how to setup my router and switch, most of them were old (2016/2017) and there were several different ways certain things were done. Add to the fact that RouterOS allows you to select options which theoretically could achieve nothing and this makes following what is actually happening difficult for me to piece together and follow. If you've made it this far and are willing to answer my questions, I cannot thank you enough! I've literally spent the last 3 days and nights (I'm going on maybe 12 hours of sleep) trying to learn as much as I can and understand how to set this system up.